Subject of this work is the implementation of the Council of Europe Convention on the Prevention of Terrorism into the Russian legislation. The Convention is called upon to fill the gap in the international instruments on terrorism matter existed at the moment by obliging state-parties to prohibit certain offences possibly leading to the commission of terrorism, namely public provocation to commit terrorist offence, training and recruitment for terrorism. Beside it the Convention is aimed at enhancing the co-operation between states in fighting terrorism. The overall goal of this work is to show how the requirements of the Convention were met in Russian legislation and assess how successful was the implementation of particular provisions of the Conventions by Russia. As a result of ratification of the Conventions relevant legislative acts were amended in order to fulfil the obligations under the Convention. The work examines if Russian legislators amended such acts with full respect to human rights and freedoms. It is not only required by the Convention and constitutes one of its major intentions, but it is also an obligation of Russia under the appropriate international instruments.