## Search

Now showing items 1-44 of 44

(Master thesis / Masteroppgave, 2017)

In order to estimate the mass of supermassive black holes found in the centres of active galactic nuclei (AGNs) from spectroscopic data, the contamination from the light emitted by the stars in the surrounding host galaxy ...

(Master thesis / Masteroppgave, 2017)

Following the discovery of the late-time acceleration, a multitude of extensions to General Relativity have been developed, seeking to shed light on this new phenomenon. Some of these models involve couplings to ordinary ...

(Master thesis / Masteroppgave, 2017)

The Next Generation Transit Survey (NGTS) is an ongoing wide-field exoplanet transit survey at ESO Paranal Observatory, Chile. It is searching for Neptune and super-Earth size planets around nearby stars using 12 robotic ...

(Master thesis / Masteroppgave, 2016)

The universe is full of stuff we cannot see, neither directly or indirectly. We do not understand the nature of the mysterious dark matter and how it interacts with normal matter. Big Bang Nucleosynthesis (BBN) provides ...

(Master thesis / Masteroppgave, 2016)

(Master thesis / Masteroppgave, 2016)

If dark matter, after it has become non-relativistic, scatters elastically with a relativistic heat bath particle, then the resulting pressure leads to acoustic oscillations that suppress the growth of overdensities in the ...

(Master thesis / Masteroppgave, 2016)

The Planck Sunyaev-Zeldovich Cluster catalogue provides an all-sky set of SZ detected galaxy clusters, which is the first of its kind. SZ signals are independent of redshift which allows a greater volume of space to be ...

(Master thesis / Masteroppgave, 2016)

(Master thesis / Masteroppgave, 2016)

Recent observations support a significantly reduced visibility of Lyman-α (Lyα) flux from galaxies at redshifts z > 6. This is surprising considering that the visibility of Lyα flux has been observed to increase up towards ...

(Master thesis / Masteroppgave, 2016)

Several decades ago it was discovered that the outer layers of the Sun are much hotter than the photosphere. The mechanism or mechanisms heating the outer solar layers are not known, so this is known as the coronal heating ...

(Master thesis / Masteroppgave, 2016)

(Master thesis / Masteroppgave, 2016)

Spherical collapse is a crude, but useful toy model for structure formation in an expanding universe. Previous works have looked at this model in ΛCDM with massive neutrinos, where the primary findings were that massive ...

(Master thesis / Masteroppgave, 2015)

In this thesis we have implemented a basic radiative transfer code to model the radial Lyα scattering rate around the epoch when the first stars and galaxies start forming, and ionizing their surroundings. The model, builds ...

(Master thesis / Masteroppgave, 2015)

Magnetic bright points (MBPs) are small-scale (generally kG) magnetic features, ubiqui- tous in the lower solar atmosphere, and are a manifestation of solar magnetism. They represent the cross-sections of thin flux tubes ...

(Master thesis / Masteroppgave, 2015)

In 2013 a new metric called TARDIS was introduced. This metric was published by Tippet and Tsang, and described a time machine. This thesis uses numerical methods to explore properties of this new metric. We start by ...

(Master thesis / Masteroppgave, 2015)

The ΛCDM model used in modern cosmology has major theoretical problems. To attempt to solve these many modified gravity theories have been proposed. We calculate velocity statistics (streaming pair-wise velocities and the ...

(Master thesis / Masteroppgave, 2015)

In this thesis, we investigate statistical properties of the redshift zero matter distribution in disformal gravity through N-body simulations. The disformal model studied here is a conformally coupled field in a symmetron ...

(Master thesis / Masteroppgave, 2015)

(Master thesis / Masteroppgave, 2014)

In this thesis we investigate a dynamical cosmological constant called the quintessence. Quintessence is a scalar field varying in both space and time following a chosen potential. To explain the coincidence problem, e.g. ...

(Master thesis / Masteroppgave, 2014)

Studier av vekselvirkningsmodeller for baryonsk materie, mørk materie og mørk energi. Hovedfokus på stabilitet for universmodeller, sammenligning med observasjonelle data og konsekvenser for strukturformasjoner.

(Master thesis / Masteroppgave, 2014)

In this thesis chromospheric features called Penumbral Microjets (PMJs) are investigated in a sunspot. Observations of high resolution in space, time and wavelength from the Swedish 1-meter Solar Telescope (SST) are used ...

(Master thesis / Masteroppgave, 2014)

Neutrinos are very weakly interacting particles with a low mass. In fact, the mass of the neutrinos has not yet been determined by experiments or observations. Still, neutrinos are a good candidate for some of the dark ...

(Master thesis / Masteroppgave, 2014)

Solving the non-LTE radiative transfer problem in stellar atmospheres is computationally demanding. There is therefore an interest to investigate new methods to solve this problem effectively. A numerical method, multigrid, ...

(Master thesis / Masteroppgave, 2013)

Modified gravity theories are a popular research field in the hope that they could explain some of the unanswered questions in cosmology, for example how the universe starts, evolves and ends. One way to test proposed ...

(Master thesis / Masteroppgave, 2013)

We investigate cosmologies where the accelerated expansion of the universe is driven by a fluid with an anisotropic equation of state.
If dark energy equation of state is anisotropic, the expansion rate of the universe ...

(Master thesis / Masteroppgave, 2013)

(Master thesis / Masteroppgave, 2013)

The gravitational redshift in clusters of galaxies can be measured to probe gravity as was first done by Wojtak et al. (2011). Using N -body simulations we are able to analyze the gravitational redshift profiles for the ...

(Master thesis / Masteroppgave, 2013)

The existence of dark energy in the universe is hypothesized to explain the accelerated expansion of today’s universe and the inflationary expansion of very early universe; accelerated expansion of today’s universe is ...

(Master thesis / Masteroppgave, 2012)

Inflation is a much discussed topic within the field of cosmology; it represents a time in the history of the Universe where a very rapid, exponential expansion was taking place. This expansion is needed in order for the ...

(Master thesis / Masteroppgave, 2012)

The Q/U-Imaging ExperimenT (QUIET) is a ground-based coherent polarimeter experiment, primarily targeting the detection of low-l B-mode polarization in the CMB. Such modes are a signature of primordial tensor perturbations, ...

(Master thesis / Masteroppgave, 2012)

The solar corona has a temperature of order 1 MK, which is almost 200 times the temperature of the underlying surface. This fact has puzzled solar physicists for more than six decades. As of today, most solar physicists ...

(Master thesis / Masteroppgave, 2012)

The inverse-C shape of the bisector from the chromospheric Ca triplet spectral lines is a little understood phenomena. This spectral signature can give valuble information about the chromosphere, which is the least understood ...

(Master thesis / Masteroppgave, 2011)

There have been many reports on anomalies in the CMB from different research groups. In this work statistical tests using the gradients of the CMB temperature, applied to the seven year WMAP data, have been investigated. ...

(Master thesis / Masteroppgave, 2011)

This thesis is a study of the dynamics and virialization of cosmic structures in the framework of flat cosmological models where the properties of
the dark energy component plays an important role in the global and local ...

(Master thesis / Masteroppgave, 2011)

The standard model of cosmology has proven to be a great success. Through measurements of the Cosmic Microwave Background radiation, cosmologists have been able to constrain parameters such as the age and geometry of the ...

(Master thesis / Masteroppgave, 2011)

The existence of dark matter is a well established fact both due to galaxy rotation curves and also due to the CMB temperature anisotropies and the matter power spectra. According to the $\Lambda$CDM model, the so called ...

(Master thesis / Masteroppgave, 2011)

Spicules are relatively small, narrow and elongated structures that stick out above the edge of the solar disk. They are very dynamic and appear as jets that shoot out into the outer solar atmosphere. Up until recently, ...

(Master thesis / Masteroppgave, 2010)

The statistical analysis of the Cosmic Microwave Background radiation to make estimates of the Power Spectrum is a comutationally heavy operation, involving large covariance matrices.
In this thesis I explore the possibility ...

(Master thesis / Masteroppgave, 2010)

The theory of inflation gives certain predictions for the amount of primordial gravitational waves compared to the amount of density perturbations. These predictions are, in principle, verifiable through observation of the ...

(Master thesis / Masteroppgave, 2010)

Neutrino cosmology is a very interesting field of research,
where properties of some of the smallest constituents of the universe
are probed by the very largest structures of the universe; large scale
structures of the ...

(Master thesis / Masteroppgave, 2010)

In this thesis the correlation between star formation and dynamical state of a statistical well defined selection of galaxy clusters have
been studied. From simulations and theory it is expected strong
correlations between ...

(Master thesis / Masteroppgave, 2010)

(Master thesis / Masteroppgave, 2010)

The solar chromosphere is a region where the thermodynamics are out of equilibrium, and realistic values of temperature and electron densities here are difficult to obtain. Hydrogen, being the most abundant element in solar ...

(Master thesis / Masteroppgave, 2010)

We investigate scalar-field theories with a field-dependent coupling to matter and show the existence of a chameleon mechanism. The thin-shell solutions for a spherical body are found, and used to investigate the consequences ...