The Republic of Turkey has a secular democratic regime. It is also home to several different cultural values, race, ethnicity. In Turkish political setting, these differences are used as identity markers by certain politicians to construct identities to work as their political support and legitimization. This study focuses on political Islam and secular Kemalism. In other words, the rightist and leftist political trends mostly in the 1970s through pioneer politicians Bülent Mustafa Ecevit and Necmettin Erbakan. The secular Kemalist trend is fundamental in the establishment of the republic and due to the authoritarian regime in early republic years. Therefore, it is has been constant in Turkish politics. However, Islam is an inseparable part of the national identity. Therefore, Islam also became a pragmatic tool for politicians to use to support their claims. Necmettin Erbakan’s National Outlook Movement is a successful example of Islamist movements in Turkey. The two politicians formed a coalition government in 1973, despite their differences. These different ideologies in political practice lead to the creation of certain groups within society competing visions. This research focuses on the differences and similarities of these competing visions and how they are used in constructing a national identity, millet, through a comparative self/other analysis and will look into the political actions and discourse of named politicians.