This paper discusses the use of video data in reading research and describes potential directions and application of video data in this area of scholarship. The chapter describes existing literature and trends in video data collection, storage, archiving, and use in studying teaching and learning, and then turns to discuss the evolution in video technologies for educational research. Next, the paper discusses use of video data in qualitative and quantitative research in reading, important practices for storing and retrieving video data, and potential future directions in studying reading processes, practices, contexts, and outcomes. The chapter concludes with a description of our current study, Teaching over Time, which uses English Language Arts (ELA) classroom video data collected recently, as well as video data from the same teachers ten years ago, which were stored and archived for future scholarship. Techniques for documenting, storing, labeling, and archiving made this study and use of video data possible to analyze ELA instruction, contexts, and changes in teachers’ practice.