The effect of the continental shelf wave on the flow field over the southern shelf of the Caspian Sea (CS) as the largest enclosed basin of the world, is investigated. Considerable currents with subinertial time scales are observed over the continental shelf in the southern CS. For variations in the surface layer with typical periods of 1 day, local episodic wind events appear to be the driving force. For longer time scales, it is suggested that the observed currents are due to passing continental shelf waves. Measurements over the continental shelf and shelf slope, showing periods of 2–6 days, indicate the presence of such waves. Combined with theory and numerical modeling, the amplitude of the continental shelf wave modes at the coast is assessed from current meter observations. It is demonstrated that the mean drift velocity (the Stokes drift) for long continental shelf waves is determined entirely by the shelf geometry. For the actual shelf mode, it is shown that the associated Stokes drift constitute a nonnegligible mean current along the shelf. This current should be taken into account when assessing the transport of biological material and neutral tracers along the southern coast of the CS.