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dc.date.accessioned2020-05-14T18:29:02Z
dc.date.available2020-05-14T18:29:02Z
dc.date.created2020-01-13T09:08:11Z
dc.date.issued2019
dc.identifier.citationThomas, Jessica E Carvalho, Gary R. James, Haile Rawlence, Nicolas J. Martin, Michael David Ho, Simon Y.W. Sigfússon, Arnór Jósefsson, Vigfús A. Frederiksen, Morten Linnebjerg, Jannie F. Castruita, Jose A. Samaniego Niemann, Jonas Sinding, Mikkel-Holger S. Sandoval-Velasco, Marcela Soares, André E.R. Lacy, Robert Barilaro, Christina Best, Julia Brandis, Dirk Cavallo, Chiara Elorza, Mikelo Garrett, Kimball L Groot, Maaike Johansson, Friederike Lifjeld, Jan Terje Nilson, Göran Serjeanston, Dale Sweet, Paul Fuller, Errol Hufthammer, Anne Karin Meldgaard, Morten Fjeldså, Jon Shapiro, Beth Hofreiter, Michael Gilbert, Marcus Thomas Pius Knapp, Michael . Demographic reconstruction from ancient DNA supports rapid extinction of the Great Auk. eLIFE. 2019, 8
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10852/75594
dc.description.abstractThe great auk was once abundant and distributed across the North Atlantic. It is now extinct, having been heavily exploited for its eggs, meat, and feathers. We investigated the impact of human hunting on its demise by integrating genetic data, GPS-based ocean current data, and analyses of population viability. We sequenced complete mitochondrial genomes of 41 individuals from across the species’ geographic range and reconstructed population structure and population dynamics throughout the Holocene. Taken together, our data do not provide any evidence that great auks were at risk of extinction prior to the onset of intensive human hunting in the early 16th century. In addition, our population viability analyses reveal that even if the great auk had not been under threat by environmental change, human hunting alone could have been sufficient to cause its extinction. Our results emphasise the vulnerability of even abundant and widespread species to intense and localised exploitation.
dc.languageEN
dc.publishereLife Sciences Publications Ltd
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 International
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.titleDemographic reconstruction from ancient DNA supports rapid extinction of the Great Auk
dc.typeJournal article
dc.creator.authorThomas, Jessica E
dc.creator.authorCarvalho, Gary R.
dc.creator.authorJames, Haile
dc.creator.authorRawlence, Nicolas J.
dc.creator.authorMartin, Michael David
dc.creator.authorHo, Simon Y.W.
dc.creator.authorSigfússon, Arnór
dc.creator.authorJósefsson, Vigfús A.
dc.creator.authorFrederiksen, Morten
dc.creator.authorLinnebjerg, Jannie F.
dc.creator.authorCastruita, Jose A. Samaniego
dc.creator.authorNiemann, Jonas
dc.creator.authorSinding, Mikkel-Holger S.
dc.creator.authorSandoval-Velasco, Marcela
dc.creator.authorSoares, André E.R.
dc.creator.authorLacy, Robert
dc.creator.authorBarilaro, Christina
dc.creator.authorBest, Julia
dc.creator.authorBrandis, Dirk
dc.creator.authorCavallo, Chiara
dc.creator.authorElorza, Mikelo
dc.creator.authorGarrett, Kimball L
dc.creator.authorGroot, Maaike
dc.creator.authorJohansson, Friederike
dc.creator.authorLifjeld, Jan Terje
dc.creator.authorNilson, Göran
dc.creator.authorSerjeanston, Dale
dc.creator.authorSweet, Paul
dc.creator.authorFuller, Errol
dc.creator.authorHufthammer, Anne Karin
dc.creator.authorMeldgaard, Morten
dc.creator.authorFjeldså, Jon
dc.creator.authorShapiro, Beth
dc.creator.authorHofreiter, Michael
dc.creator.authorGilbert, Marcus Thomas Pius
dc.creator.authorKnapp, Michael
cristin.unitcode185,28,8,0
cristin.unitnameSeksjon for forskning og samlinger
cristin.ispublishedtrue
cristin.fulltextoriginal
cristin.qualitycode2
dc.identifier.cristin1771028
dc.identifier.bibliographiccitationinfo:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:ctx&ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:journal&rft.jtitle=eLIFE&rft.volume=8&rft.spage=&rft.date=2019
dc.identifier.jtitleeLIFE
dc.identifier.volume8
dc.identifier.pagecount35
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.7554/eLife.47509
dc.identifier.urnURN:NBN:no-78712
dc.type.documentTidsskriftartikkel
dc.type.peerreviewedPeer reviewed
dc.source.issn2050-084X
dc.identifier.fulltextFulltext https://www.duo.uio.no/bitstream/handle/10852/75594/1/Thomas%2526al_2019.pdf
dc.type.versionPublishedVersion
cristin.articleide47509


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