In the quest for finding new strategies to enhance tissue integration and to reduce the risk of bacterial colonization around endosseous implants, we report the application of auto-oxidative phenolic coatings made of tannic acid and pyrogallol to titanium surfaces. The functionalized surfaces were screened for their biological performance using cultures of primary human osteoblasts and biofilm-forming bioluminescent staphylococci S. epidermidis Xen43 and S. aureus Xen29. No toxic effect of the coatings on osteoblasts was detected. While tannic acid coatings seemed to induce a delay in osteoblast maturation, they revealed anti-inflammatory potential. Similar effects were observed for pyrogallol coatings deposited for 24 h. Thin pyrogallol coatings deposited for 2 h seemed to promote osteoblast maturation and revealed increased calcium deposition. The effects on osteoblast were found to be related to the release of phenolic compounds from the surfaces. While the phenolic coatings could not inhibit staphylococcal biofilm formation on the titanium surfaces, released phenolic compounds had an inhibitory effect the growth of planktonic bacteria. In conclusion, the assessed coating systems represent a versatile functionalization method which exhibit promising effects for endosseous implant applications.