Flutemetamol (18F-Flut) is an [18F]-labelled amyloid PET tracer with increasing availability. The main objectives of this study were to investigate 1) cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) Aβ 1-42 (Aβ42) concentrations associated with regional 18F-Flut uptake, 2) associations between cortical 18F-Flut and [18F]-fludeoxyglucose (18F-FDG)-PET, and 3) the potential use of 18F-Flut in WM pathology. Cognitively impaired, nondemented subjects were recruited (n = 44). CSF was drawn, and 18F-Flut-PET, 18F-FDG-PET, and MRI performed. Our main findings were: 1) Different Alzheimer’s disease predilection areas showed increased 18F-Flut retention at different CSF Aβ42 concentrations (posterior regions were involved at higher concentrations). 2) There were strong negative correlations between regional cortical 18F-Flut and 18F-FDG uptake. 3) Increased 18F-Flut uptake were observed in multiple subcortical regions in amyloid positive subjects, including investigated reference regions. However, WM hyperintensity 18F-Flut standardized uptake value ratios (SUVr) were not significantly different, thus we cannot definitely conclude that the higher uptake in 18F-Flut(+) is due to amyloid deposition. In conclusion, our findings support clinical use of CSF Aβ42, putatively relate decreasing CSF Aβ42 concentrations to a sequence of regional amyloid deposition, and associate amyloid pathology to cortical hypometabolism. However, we cannot conclude that 18F-Flut-PET is a suitable marker for WM pathology due to high aberrant WM uptake.
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