How do states respond to new religious and cultural diversity? This thesis explores that question through the prism of cemeteries. Comparing state responses to Muslims burial needs and humanists in Norway it provides a striking image of societal accommodation. Such accommodation is typically understood in terms of national models. French laïcité, Dutch pillarization, or Norwegian establishment, authors argue, explain how these countries react to newcomers. This study shows that, upon closer scrutiny, policy responses follow distinctive logics between levels of governance. And it shows that we have to look at material solutions as well. While indeed large legal and discursive national differences between states remain, in praxis they do the same. The thesis examines laws, national policies, municipal provisions and discourse over time and engages a meta theoretical debate over appropriate conceptual/ theoretical frameworks. Synthesizing a religious governance framework from the social sciences with insights from post-colonial and religious studies, the thesis suggests a methodologically more coherent research agenda for the comparative study of religion, secularism, society and state.