This thesis explores the conditions that constitute and uphold the power hierarchy between the sexes, as emphasized by the two novels The Handmaid’s Tale by Margaret Atwood and The Power by Naomi Alderman. Both belonging to the genre of dystopian speculative fiction, the novels depict regimes that may serve as feminist criticisms of oppression and physical violation of women in our contemporary, patriarchal society. This thesis will examine the ways in which the novels conduct their social criticism through a close reading of the narrators’ emphasis, character development, symbolism and allusions to significant biblical and other literary references. My thesis discusses how both novels call attention to the way Christian ideology advocates and upholds patriarchal gender norms and power hierarchies, and how rape and the threat of rape serve to uphold the power dynamic between the sexes. Furthermore, attention is given to how embedded power is in human relations and how power is ascribed in relation to the construction of our societal structures. To what extent may one argue that it is the socially constructed patriarchal gender norms that uphold the power hierarchy of the sexes, juxtaposed with how biological differences between men and women arguably uphold this power hierarchy in a different manner? Do physical biological differences constitute an unchangeable power dynamic between the sexes, or can we imagine ourselves differently by placing less value on the capacity for violence? The motivation behind this study is an aspiration to explore ideas that uphold gender norms and sexual difference and to show how these perceptions prevent progress towards the equality of the sexes. This thesis will argue that gender norms and androcentric perceptions about power create and uphold the power hierarchy between the sexes and, thus, the continuation of the pitting of sex against sex; furthering the war between the sexes through the insistence on a dynamic of the oppressor and the oppressed.