Hide metadata

dc.date.accessioned2019-07-22T13:03:14Z
dc.date.available2019-07-22T13:03:14Z
dc.date.created2018-12-18T16:08:16Z
dc.date.issued2019
dc.identifier.citationNistelberger, Heidi Maria Palsdottir, Albina Hulda Star, Bastiaan Leifsson, Rúnar Gondek, Agata Teresa Orlando, Ludovic Barrett, James H. Hallsson, Jón Hallsteinn Boessenkool, Sanne . Sexing Viking Age horses from burial and non-burial sites in Iceland using ancient DNA. Journal of Archaeological Science. 2019, 101, 115-122
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10852/68759
dc.description.abstractHorses are the most common grave goods found in Icelandic Viking Age graves. Horse skeletons have previously been sexed based on pelvis shape and the presence of canine teeth in male horses over 4–5 years of age. Morphological data has shown that all horses from Icelandic burials that were amenable to sexing were male. Yet the use of morphological methods to determine sex is problematic since they rely on finding a well-preserved pelvis and/or robust canine teeth. Furthermore, quantitative data underlying the features of the horse pelvis used for sexing is lacking and canine teeth have been reported to occur in mares. In this study we build upon and extend recently developed methodologies to make use of shotgun sequencing of ancient DNA (aDNA) for molecular sexing of Viking Age horse remains. With minimal sequencing effort we identified the sex of the largest collection (n=22) of Viking Age Icelandic horses studied to date, sourced from both burial (n=19) and nonburial (n=3) sites. Our results revealed a male to female sex bias ratio of 18:1 in burial sites, versus 0:3 in nonburial sites. These findings support the significant over-representation of male horses in Viking Age graves in Iceland, yet show that –albeit rare– mares could also be selected for ritual burial in Viking Age Iceland. This costeffective method provides statistical confidence to allow for sexing of highly fragmented archaeological specimens with low endogenous DNA content.
dc.languageEN
dc.publisherElsevier Science
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/BY-NC-ND/4.0/
dc.titleSexing Viking Age horses from burial and non-burial sites in Iceland using ancient DNA
dc.typeJournal article
dc.creator.authorNistelberger, Heidi Maria
dc.creator.authorPalsdottir, Albina Hulda
dc.creator.authorStar, Bastiaan
dc.creator.authorLeifsson, Rúnar
dc.creator.authorGondek, Agata Teresa
dc.creator.authorOrlando, Ludovic
dc.creator.authorBarrett, James H.
dc.creator.authorHallsson, Jón Hallsteinn
dc.creator.authorBoessenkool, Sanne
cristin.unitcode185,15,29,50
cristin.unitnameCentre for Ecological and Evolutionary Synthesis
cristin.ispublishedtrue
cristin.fulltextoriginal
cristin.fulltextoriginal
cristin.fulltextoriginal
cristin.fulltextoriginal
cristin.qualitycode2
dc.identifier.cristin1645163
dc.identifier.bibliographiccitationinfo:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:ctx&ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:journal&rft.jtitle=Journal of Archaeological Science&rft.volume=101&rft.spage=115&rft.date=2019
dc.identifier.jtitleJournal of Archaeological Science
dc.identifier.volume101
dc.identifier.startpage115
dc.identifier.endpage122
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2018.11.007
dc.identifier.urnURN:NBN:no-71907
dc.type.documentTidsskriftartikkel
dc.type.peerreviewedPeer reviewed
dc.source.issn0305-4403
dc.identifier.fulltextFulltext https://www.duo.uio.no/bitstream/handle/10852/68759/2/Nistelberger%2BPalsdottir%2Bet%2Bal%2B2019%2BSexing%2BViking%2BAge%2Bhorses%2Bfrom%2Bburial%2Band%2Bnon-burial%2Bsites%2Bin%2BIceland%2Busing%2Bancient%2BDNA.pdf
dc.type.versionPublishedVersion
dc.type.versionPublishedVersion
dc.type.versionPublishedVersion
dc.type.versionPublishedVersion


Files in this item

Appears in the following Collection

Hide metadata

Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
This item's license is: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International