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dc.date.accessioned2019-03-26T10:53:30Z
dc.date.created2019-01-31T15:15:07Z
dc.date.issued2019
dc.identifier.citationHansen, Mette Halskov Aunan, Kristin Hu, Ruolan Wang, Shuxiao Liu, Zhaohui Zhao, M.J. Chen, L. . Personal exposure to PM2.5 in Chinese rural households in the Yangtze River Delta. Indoor Air: International Journal of Indoor Environment and Health. 2019
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10852/67408
dc.description.abstractHigh levels of PM2.5 exposure and associated health risks are of great concern in rural China. For this study, we used portable PM2.5 monitors for monitoring concentrations online, recorded personal time‐activity patterns, and analyzed the contribution from different microenvironments in rural areas of the Yangtze River Delta, China. The daily exposure levels of rural participants were 66μg/m3 (SD 40) in winter and 65μg/m3 (SD 16) in summer. Indoor exposure levels were usually higher than outdoor levels. The exposure levels during cooking in rural kitchens were 140μg/m3 (SD 116) in winter and 121μg/m3 (SD 70) in summer, the highest in all microenvironments. Winter and summer values were 252μg/m3 (SD 103) and 204μg/m3 (SD 105), respectively, for rural people using biomass for fuel, much higher than those for rural people using LPG and electricity. By combining PM2.5 concentrations and time spent in different microenvironments, we found that 92% (winter) and 85% (summer) of personal exposure to PM2.5 in rural areas was attributable to indoor microenvironments, of which kitchens accounted for 24% and 27%, respectively. Consequently, more effective policies and measures are needed to replace biomass fuel with LPG or electricity, which would benefit the health of the rural population in China.en_US
dc.languageEN
dc.publisherMunksgaard Forlag
dc.titlePersonal exposure to PM2.5 in Chinese rural households in the Yangtze River Deltaen_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.creator.authorHansen, Mette Halskov
dc.creator.authorAunan, Kristin
dc.creator.authorHu, Ruolan
dc.creator.authorWang, Shuxiao
dc.creator.authorLiu, Zhaohui
dc.creator.authorZhao, M.J.
dc.creator.authorChen, L.
dc.date.embargoenddate2020-01-15
cristin.unitcode185,14,32,85
cristin.unitnameKinastudier
cristin.ispublishedtrue
cristin.fulltextpostprint
cristin.qualitycode1
dc.identifier.cristin1670859
dc.identifier.bibliographiccitationinfo:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:ctx&ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:journal&rft.jtitle=Indoor Air: International Journal of Indoor Environment and Health&rft.volume=&rft.spage=&rft.date=2019
dc.identifier.jtitleIndoor Air: International Journal of Indoor Environment and Health
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.1111/ina.12537
dc.identifier.urnURN:NBN:no-70586
dc.type.documentTidsskriftartikkelen_US
dc.type.peerreviewedPeer reviewed
dc.source.issn0905-6947
dc.identifier.fulltextFulltext https://www.duo.uio.no/bitstream/handle/10852/67408/5/DUO_Personal%2BExposure%2Bto%2BPM2.5_2019_DUO.pdf
dc.type.versionAcceptedVersion
dc.relation.projectNFR/240060


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