Albumin has a long serum half-life due to its unique ability to bind the cellular neonatal Fc receptor (FcRn), which provides protection from intracellular degradation. The interaction can be capitalized to improve the efficacy of drugs by extending their serum persistence. However, species-specific binding of albumin to FcRn challenges preclinical development. The goal of this brief review is to provide insights into how FcRn and cross-species binding differences affect the pharmacokinetics of human serum albumin (HSA) in different animal models, and gives an overview of genetically modified mice that may serve as improved models for testing of albumin-based drugs.
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