Integration in the European Union's field of defense and security
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AbstractThe European Union’s defence and security policy has remained predominately under the sovereign control of the member states, and therefore the Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) is understood to be intergovernmental. However, through the acceptance of recent initiatives from the European Commission (Commission) in the field of defence and security, this belief is challenged. It is established that the Commission has some influence in EU foreign policy, but how can it be that member states would voluntarily accept initiatives from the Commission in the field of defence and security? Examining the Defence and Security Procurement Directive, the guidance note from the Commission on defence offsets, and the Preparatory Action on Defence Research this dissertation finds that a new and different number of actors are involved in defence policy making. In addition, in two cases the framing of these new policy proposals from the Commission made that member state actors considered it their duty to follow existing integration norms, also in the field of defence and security. Through a broad and in depth investigation of six EU member states, these findings enhance knowledge of the nature of integration of the European Union’s defence and security policy.
List of papers
|Paper I: Johanna Strikwerda. Sovereignty at stake? The European Commission’s proposal for a Defence and Security Procurement Directive. European Security, 2017, vol. 26(1), 19–36. DOI:10.1080/09662839.2016.1255198. The paper is not available in DUO due to publisher restrictions. The accepted version is available in DUO: http://urn.nb.no/URN:NBN:no-56979|
|Paper II: Johanna Strikwerda. Unexpected compliance? The implementation of the Defence and Security Procurement Directive. Journal of European Integration, 2018, vol 40(7), 889-904. DOI:10.1080/07036337.2018.1482288. The paper is not available in DUO due to publisher restrictions. The published version is available at: https://doi.org/10.1080/07036337.2018.1482288|
|Paper III: Johanna Strikwerda. The Preparatory Action on Defence Research: a new chapter for European defence integration. To be published. The paper is not available in DUO awaiting publishing.|