Sexual assault is an extensive problem in today’s society, and there is a high degree of unreported cases. In Norway there are sexual assault referral centres scattered around the country that provide around-the-clock care for individuals that have been sexually assaulted. They provide, among other things, medical, forensic and psychosocial services, and this assignment will focus on the forensic aspect, with the collection of evidence. When a case is reported to the police, the evidence can be analysed at the Section for forensic genetics in criminal cases. In order to learn more about collection of forensic evidence and the handling of said evidence in the laboratory, I interviewed representatives from the sexual assault referral centres in Oslo and Vestfold, and Section for forensic genetics in criminal cases. I found that there are similarities between the assault centres, but also some big differences, one of which is their organisation which is very different. There are no formal requirements for training and competence for health care personnel who work with sexually assaulted patients, and training that they have is varying. Norway’s geography and scattered population complicates the ability to ensure that every place in the country can provide competent care at all times for these patients. At Section for forensic genetics in criminal cases, I found that all communication to the laboratory goes through the police, and there is no direct communication between the assault centres and the laboratory. This means the laboratory has no access to the information the assault centres have, information that could be valuable when deciding which pieces of evidence to analyse. A solution could be to alter the evidence collection directive so that the treating doctor/nurse has to fill out information about the incidence, which could be relevant and important for the laboratory to know about.