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dc.date.accessioned2018-11-16T08:25:04Z
dc.date.available2018-11-16T08:25:04Z
dc.date.created2018-04-17T22:11:20Z
dc.date.issued2018
dc.identifier.citationJohannessen, Janne Bondi . Factors of variation, maintenance and change in Scandinavian heritage languages. International Journal of Bilingualism. 2018, 1-19
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10852/65569
dc.description.abstractAims and objectives/purpose/research questions: I investigate variation and change in heritage languages, focusing on descendants of 19th- / early 20th-century North Germanic immigrant languages in America. I compare a battery of predictors (e.g. token frequency, language attitude) against a baseline grammar, something often framed in terms of ‘transfer’, ‘incomplete acquisition’ and ‘attrition’. I examine which particular changes have been attributed to which factors. Findings/Conclusions: Relevant factors belong to two main categories: those favouring maintenance and those more likely to trigger change. Factors that support maintenance are structural ones (typically syntax, phonology and morphology), frequency of use, and external factors. Factors that contribute to change are articulation, language attitudes, and a series of cognitive aspects: incomplete acquisition and attrition, transfer and convergence, processing, memory, complexity, and overgeneralisation. © 2018 SAGE Publicationsen_US
dc.languageEN
dc.publisherKingston Press Ltd.
dc.titleFactors of variation, maintenance and change in Scandinavian heritage languagesen_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.creator.authorJohannessen, Janne Bondi
cristin.unitcode185,14,35,80
cristin.unitnameCenter for Multilingualism in Society across the Lifespan
cristin.ispublishedtrue
cristin.fulltextpostprint
cristin.qualitycode2
dc.identifier.cristin1579916
dc.identifier.bibliographiccitationinfo:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:ctx&ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:journal&rft.jtitle=International Journal of Bilingualism&rft.volume=&rft.spage=1&rft.date=2018
dc.identifier.jtitleInternational Journal of Bilingualism
dc.identifier.startpage1
dc.identifier.endpage19
dc.identifier.doio0r.g1/107.171/1773/617360700609619818776622161
dc.identifier.urnURN:NBN:no-67935
dc.type.documentTidsskriftartikkelen_US
dc.type.peerreviewedPeer reviewed
dc.source.issn1367-0069
dc.identifier.fulltextFulltext https://www.duo.uio.no/bitstream/handle/10852/65569/1/IJB_Johannessen_23%2BOct%2B2017_prefinal-clean.pdf
dc.type.versionAcceptedVersion


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