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dc.date.accessioned2018-11-14T11:41:41Z
dc.date.available2018-11-14T11:41:41Z
dc.date.created2018-02-21T13:49:38Z
dc.date.issued2016
dc.identifier.citationBenzon, Hans-Henrik Høeg, Per . Wave optics-based LEO-LEO radio occultation retrieval. Radio Science. 2016, 51(6)
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10852/65513
dc.description.abstractThis paper describes the theory for performing retrieval of radio occultations that use probing frequencies in the XK and KM band. Normally, radio occultations use frequencies in the L band, and GPS satellites are used as the transmitting source, and the occultation signals are received by a GPS receiver on board a Low Earth Orbit (LEO) satellite. The technique is based on the Doppler shift imposed, by the atmosphere, on the signal emitted from the GPS satellite. Two LEO satellites are assumed in the occultations discussed in this paper, and the retrieval is also dependent on the decrease in the signal amplitude caused by atmospheric absorption. The radio wave transmitter is placed on one of these satellites, while the receiver is placed on the other LEO satellite. One of the drawbacks of normal GPS‐based radio occultations is that external information is needed to calculate some of the atmospheric products such as the correct water vapor content in the atmosphere. These limitations can be overcome when a proper selected range of high‐frequency waves are used to probe the atmosphere. Probing frequencies close to the absorption line of water vapor have been included, thus allowing the retrieval of the water vapor content. Selecting the correct probing frequencies would make it possible to retrieve other information such as the content of ozone. The retrieval is performed through a number of processing steps which are based on the Full Spectrum Inversion (FSI) technique. The retrieval chain is therefore a wave optics‐based retrieval chain, and it is therefore possible to process measurements that include multipath. In this paper simulated LEO to LEO radio occultations based on five different frequencies are used. The five frequencies are placed in the XK or KM frequency band. This new wave optics‐based retrieval chain is used on a number of examples, and the retrieved atmospheric parameters are compared to the parameters from a global European Centre for Medium‐Range Weather Forecasts analysis model. This model is used in a forward propagator that simulates the electromagnetic field amplitudes and phases at the receiver on board the LEO satellite. LEO‐LEO cross‐link radio occultations using high frequencies are a relatively new technique, and the possibilities and advantages of the technique still need to be investigated. The retrieval of this type of radio occultations is considerably more complicated than standard GPS to LEO radio occultations, because the attenuation of the probing radio waves is used in the retrieval and the atmospheric parameters are found using a least squares solver. The best algorithms and the number of probing frequencies that is economically viable must also be determined. This paper intends to answer some of these questions using end‐to‐end simulations. © 2016 American Geophysical Unionen_US
dc.languageEN
dc.publisherAmerican Geophysical Union
dc.titleWave optics-based LEO-LEO radio occultation retrievalen_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.creator.authorBenzon, Hans-Henrik
dc.creator.authorHøeg, Per
cristin.unitcode185,15,4,70
cristin.unitnamePlasma- og romfysikk
cristin.ispublishedtrue
cristin.fulltextoriginal
cristin.qualitycode1
dc.identifier.cristin1567530
dc.identifier.bibliographiccitationinfo:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:ctx&ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:journal&rft.jtitle=Radio Science&rft.volume=51&rft.spage=&rft.date=2016
dc.identifier.jtitleRadio Science
dc.identifier.volume51
dc.identifier.issue6
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2015RS005852
dc.identifier.urnURN:NBN:no-67992
dc.type.documentTidsskriftartikkelen_US
dc.type.peerreviewedPeer reviewed
dc.source.issn0048-6604
dc.identifier.fulltextFulltext https://www.duo.uio.no/bitstream/handle/10852/65513/2/Benzon_Wave%2Boptics-based%2BLEO-LEO_RadioScience_2016.pdf
dc.type.versionPublishedVersion


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