New direct-acting antiviral (DAA) drugs have revolutionized the treatment of hepatitis C in recent years.
Our objective was to analyse the cost effectiveness of combinations of different DAAs compared with ribavirin and peginterferon-α-2a, taking into account rebates from tender negotiations.
We used a compartmental model specifically developed for Norway to simulate hepatitis C and complications with and without different DAAs. All costs were based on Norwegian fees and estimates, estimating healthcare sector costs for the year 2016. We performed Monte Carlo simulations on uncertain input parameters to facilitate probabilistic sensitivity analyses.
For patients diagnosed with genotype 1, the combination of paritaprevir, ritonavir, ombitasvir and dasabuvir was cost effective compared with eight other available alternatives, given a cost-effectiveness threshold of €70,000 per quality-adjusted life-year. For genotype 2, the combination of sofosbuvir and ribavirin was the most effective and cost-effective alternative for all patients. Among available alternatives for patients with genotype 3, sofosbuvir in combination with peginterferon and ribavirin was the most cost-effective alternative, although the combination of daclatasvir and sofosbuvir was somewhat more effective.
For each of the hepatitis C genotypes 1, 2 and 3, there were combinations of DAAs that were cost effective in a Norwegian setting. As a result of recent tender negotiations in Norway, treating all diagnosed patients with hepatitis C with the most cost-effective DAAs will result in lower total expenditure on these medications compared with 2015.
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