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dc.date.accessioned2018-03-22T16:13:39Z
dc.date.available2018-03-22T16:13:39Z
dc.date.created2017-11-08T17:40:25Z
dc.date.issued2017
dc.identifier.citationStar, Bastiaan Boessenkool, Sanne Gondek, Agata Teresa Nikulina, Elena A. Hufthammer, Anne Karin Pampoulie, Christophe Knutsen, Halvor André, Carl Nistelberger, Heidi Maria Dierking, Jan Petereit, Christoph Heinrich, Dirk Jakobsen, Kjetill Sigurd Stenseth, Nils Christian Jentoft, Sissel Barrett, James H. . Ancient DNA reveals the Arctic origin of Viking Age cod from Haithabu, Germany. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 2017, 114(34), 9152-9157
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10852/61266
dc.description.abstractKnowledge of the range and chronology of historic trade and long-distance transport of natural resources is essential for determining the impacts of past human activities on marine environments. However, the specific biological sources of imported fauna are often difficult to identify, in particular if species have a wide spatial distribution and lack clear osteological or isotopic differentiation between populations. Here, we report that ancient fish-bone remains, despite being porous, brittle, and light, provide an excellent source of endogenous DNA (15–46%) of sufficient quality for whole-genome reconstruction. By comparing ancient sequence data to that of modern specimens, we determine the biological origin of 15 Viking Age (800–1066 CE) and subsequent medieval (1066–1280 CE) Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) specimens from excavation sites in Germany, Norway, and the United Kingdom. Archaeological context indicates that one of these sites was a fishing settlement for the procurement of local catches, whereas the other localities were centers of trade. Fish from the trade sites show a mixed ancestry and are statistically differentiated from local fish populations. Moreover, Viking Age samples from Haithabu, Germany, are traced back to the North East Arctic Atlantic cod population that has supported the Lofoten fisheries of Norway for centuries. Our results resolve a long-standing controversial hypothesis and indicate that the marine resources of the North Atlantic Ocean were used to sustain an international demand for protein as far back as the Viking Age. © 2017 National Academy of Sciencesen_US
dc.languageEN
dc.titleAncient DNA reveals the Arctic origin of Viking Age cod from Haithabu, Germanyen_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.creator.authorStar, Bastiaan
dc.creator.authorBoessenkool, Sanne
dc.creator.authorGondek, Agata Teresa
dc.creator.authorNikulina, Elena A.
dc.creator.authorHufthammer, Anne Karin
dc.creator.authorPampoulie, Christophe
dc.creator.authorKnutsen, Halvor
dc.creator.authorAndré, Carl
dc.creator.authorNistelberger, Heidi Maria
dc.creator.authorDierking, Jan
dc.creator.authorPetereit, Christoph
dc.creator.authorHeinrich, Dirk
dc.creator.authorJakobsen, Kjetill Sigurd
dc.creator.authorStenseth, Nils Christian
dc.creator.authorJentoft, Sissel
dc.creator.authorBarrett, James H.
cristin.unitcode185,15,29,50
cristin.unitnameCentre for Ecological and Evolutionary Synthesis
cristin.ispublishedtrue
cristin.fulltextpostprint
cristin.qualitycode2
dc.identifier.cristin1512371
dc.identifier.bibliographiccitationinfo:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:ctx&ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:journal&rft.jtitle=Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America&rft.volume=114&rft.spage=9152&rft.date=2017
dc.identifier.jtitleProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
dc.identifier.volume114
dc.identifier.issue34
dc.identifier.startpage9152
dc.identifier.endpage9157
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1710186114
dc.identifier.urnURN:NBN:no-63881
dc.type.documentTidsskriftartikkelen_US
dc.type.peerreviewedPeer reviewed
dc.source.issn0027-8424
dc.identifier.fulltextFulltext https://www.duo.uio.no/bitstream/handle/10852/61266/4/Revised_main_ancient_cod.pdf
dc.identifier.fulltextFulltext https://www.duo.uio.no/bitstream/handle/10852/61266/5/Figures_and_Tables_Star.pdf
dc.identifier.fulltextFulltext https://www.duo.uio.no/bitstream/handle/10852/61266/6/Supporting_Information_Star.pdf
dc.type.versionAcceptedVersion
dc.relation.projectNFR/221734
dc.relation.projectNFR/203850
dc.relation.projectNFR/230821
dc.relation.projectNOTUR/NORSTORE/nn9244k


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