## Search

Now showing items 101-200 of 2076

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / PublishedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2017)

Background
It has been proposed that future reference genomes should be graph structures in order to better represent the sequence diversity present in a species. However, there is currently no standard ...

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / AcceptedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2017)

We consider a scalar conservation law with zero-flux boundary conditions imposed on the boundary of a rectangular multidimensional domain. We study monotone schemes applied to this problem. For the Godunov version of the ...

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / AcceptedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2017)

This paper presents an implementation framework for spline spaces over T-meshes (and their d-dimensional analogs). The aim is to share code between the implementations of several spline spaces. This is achieved by reducing ...

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / AcceptedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2017)

We show that a Hilbert scheme of conics on a Fano fourfold double cover of P2×P2 ramified along a divisor of bidegree (2,2) admits a P1-fibration with base being a hyper-Kähler fourfold. We investigate the geometry of such ...

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / PublishedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2017)

Background: Using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) to compute the hemodynamics in cerebral aneurysms has received much attention in the last decade. The usability of these methods depends on the quality of the computations, ...

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / AcceptedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2017)

Knowledge about how many fish that have been killed due to bycatch is an important aspect of ensuring a sustainable ecosystem and fishery. We introduce a Bayesian spatio-temporal prediction method for historical bycatch ...

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / PublishedVersion, 2017)

Beginner student courses in mathematics in higher education have had high failure rates across the country. A national study [1] conducted by the Norwegian Association of Higher Education Institutions (UHR) in 2013 showed ...

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / PublishedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2017)

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / AcceptedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2017)

We construct 2D and 3D finite element de Rham sequences of arbitrary polynomial degrees with extra smoothness. Some of these elements have nodal degrees of freedom and can be considered as generalisations of scalar Hermite ...

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / AcceptedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2017)

In this paper, we propose a new multivariate model for the dynamics of regional ocean freight rates. We show that a cointegrated system of regional spot freight rates can be decomposed into a common non-stationary market ...

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / AcceptedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2017)

In this paper, we study a second-order, nonlinear evolution equation with damping arising in elastodynamics. The nonlinear term is monotone and possesses a convex potential but exhibits anisotropic and nonpolynomial growth. ...

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / AcceptedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2017)

-stability for entropy solutions of nonlinear degenerate parabolic convection–diffusion equations with discontinuous coefficients, Skr. K. Nor. Vidensk. Selsk. 3 (2003) 1–49], singles out the vanishing viscosity solution ...

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / SubmittedVersion, 2017)

The directional wave spectra in sea ice are an important aspect of wave evolution and can provide insights into the dominant components of wave dissipation, that is, dissipation due to scattering or dissipation due to ...

(Chapter / Bokkapittel / SubmittedVersion, 2017)

With the shenfun Python module (github.com/spectralDNS/shenfun) an effort is made towards automating the implementation of the spectral Galerkin method for simple tensor product domains, consisting of (currently) one ...

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / PublishedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2017)

Let GG be an affine group scheme over a noetherian commutative ring RR. We show that every GG-equivariant vector bundle on an affine toric scheme over RR with GG-action is equivariantly extended from Spec ( R ) Spec(R) for ...

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / AcceptedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2017)

We determine the structure of equilibrium states for a natural dynamics on the boundary quotient diagram of C*-algebras for a large class of right LCM semigroups. The approach is based on abstract properties of the semigroup ...

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / AcceptedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2017)

Time change is a powerful technique for generating noises and providing flexible models. In the framework of time changed Brownian and Poisson random measures we study the existence and uniqueness of a solution to a general ...

(Research report / Forskningsrapport, 2017)

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / PublishedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2017)

Landslides are the second-most important cause of tsunamis after earthquakes, and their potential for generating large tsunamis depend on the slide process. Among the world's largest submarine landslides is the Storegga ...

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / SubmittedVersion, 2017)

In this paper we construct a new type of noise of fractional nature that has a strong regularizing effect on differential equations. We consider an equation with this noise with a highly irregular coefficient. We employ a ...

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / PublishedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2017)

In this paper, we study weak solutions to the following nonlinear parabolic partial differential equation ∂tu−diva(x,t,∇u)+λ(|u|p(x,t)−2u)=0inΩT, where λ≥0 and ∂tu denote the partial derivative of u with respect to the ...

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / AcceptedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2017)

The problem on identification of a limit of an ordinary differential equation with discontinuous drift that perturbed by a zero-noise is considered in multidimensional case. This problem is a classical subject of stochastic ...

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / PublishedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2017)

Versatile instruments assembled from off-the-shelf sensors and open-source electronics are used to record wave propagation and damping measured by Inertial Motion Units (IMUs) in a grease ice slick near the shore in ...

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / PublishedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2017)

Proper orthogonal decomposition (POD) is applied to distinct data sets in order to characterize the propagation of error arising from basis truncation in the description of turbulence. Experimental data from stereo particle ...

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / SubmittedVersion, 2017)

This paper proposes a Finite Difference Multilevel Monte Carlo algorithm for degener- ate parabolic convection diffusion equations where the convective and diffusive fluxes are allowed to be random. We establish a notion ...

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / PublishedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2017)

Nocturnal low-level jets (LLJs) are defined as relative maxima in the vertical profile of the horizontal wind speed at the top of the stable boundary layer. Such peaks constitute major power resources for wind turbines. ...

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / PublishedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2017)

Compound events (CEs) are multivariate extreme events in which the individual contributing variables may not be extreme themselves, but their joint – dependent – occurrence causes an extreme impact. Conventional univariate ...

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / AcceptedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2017)

We present a two-factor option-pricing model, which parsimoniously captures the difference in volatility persistences under the historical and risk-neutral probabilities. The model generates an S-shaped pricing kernel that ...

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / SubmittedVersion, 2017)

The electric potential distribution around a dust particle immersed in a magnetised supersonic plasma flow is studied by numerical simulations. It is shown that with increasing magnetisation of plasma, the peak in the wake ...

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / PublishedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2017)

In this paper, we are interested by advanced backward stochastic differential equations (ABSDEs), in a probability space equipped with a Brownian motion and a single jump process, with a jump at time τ. ABSDEs are BSDEs ...

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / PublishedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2017)

Background
We have previously reported a high incidence of colorectal cancer (CRC) in carriers of pathogenic MLH1 variants (path_MLH1) despite follow-up with colonoscopy including polypectomy.
...

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / AcceptedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2017)

The Lagrangian paths, horizontal Lagrangian drift velocity, U L , and the Lagrangian excess period, T L − T 0 , where T L is the Lagrangian period and T 0 the Eulerian linear period, are obtained by ...

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / SubmittedVersion, 2017)

The attenuation of surface gravity waves is an important process associated with air–sea and wave–current interactions. Here we investigate experimentally the attenuation of monochromatic surface gravity waves due to the ...

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / SubmittedVersion, 2017)

Skatteetaten bruker i dag prediktive metoder til blant annet utvelgelse til kontroll av merverdiavgiftsoppgaver og til å forbedre og effektivisere innkreving av skatter. Dette har vist seg å gi økt proveny og en mer effektiv ...

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / PublishedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2017)

Should one rely on a parametric or nonparametric model when analysing a given data set? This classic question cannot be answered by traditional model selection criteria like AIC and BIC, since a nonparametric model has no ...

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / PublishedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2017)

We study congruences of lines Xω defined by a sufficiently general choice of an alternating 3-form ω in n dimensions, as Fano manifolds of index 3 and dimension n-1. These congruences include the G2-variety for n=6 and the ...

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / AcceptedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2017)

The variational heat equation is a nonlinear, parabolic equation not in divergence form that arises as a model for the dynamics of the director field in a nematic liquid crystal. We present a finite difference scheme for ...

(Chapter / Bokkapittel / PublishedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2017)

(Chapter / Bokkapittel / PublishedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2017)

(Chapter / Bokkapittel / PublishedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2017)

(Chapter / Bokkapittel / PublishedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2017)

(Chapter / Bokkapittel / PublishedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2017)

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / AcceptedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2017)

An error in [4, Theorem 4.1, 4.5, Corollary 4.5] is corrected. There, in the Monte Carlo error bounds for front tracking for scalar conservation laws with random input data, 2-integrability in a Banach space of type 1 was ...

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / AcceptedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2017)

Using Macaulay’s correspondence we study the family of Artinian Gorenstein local algebras with fixed symmetric Hilbert function decomposition. As an application we give a new lower bound for the dimension of cactus varieties ...

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / PublishedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2017)

The evolution of interfacial waves on a stratified flow was investigated experimentally for air-water flow in a horizontal pipe. Waves were introduced in the liquid level of stratified flow near the pipe entrance using an ...

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / SubmittedVersion, 2017)

Simultaneous Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) measurements of stratified turbulent air/water flow in a horizontal pipe have been performed using water droplets as tracers in the gas-phase. The use of water droplets as ...

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / AcceptedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2017)

Compressed sensing is a technique for recovering an unknown sparse signal from a small number of linear measurements. When the measurement matrix is random, the number of measurements required for perfect recovery exhibits ...

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / AcceptedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2017)

It has recently been demonstrated (Frauendiener and Hennig 2014 Class. Quantum Grav. 31 085010) that the conformally invariant wave equation on a Minkowski background can be solved with a fully pseudospectral numerical ...

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / SubmittedVersion, 2017)

Traditional programs based on feature engineering are under performing on a steadily increasing number of tasks compared with Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs), in particular for image analysis. Image analysis is widely ...

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / PublishedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2017)

The charging of a sounding rocket in subsonic and supersonic plasma flows with external magnetic field is studied with numerical particle‐in‐cell (PIC) simulations. A weakly magnetized plasma regime is considered that ...

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / AcceptedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2017)

We analyse a semidiscrete splitting method for conservation laws driven by a semilinear noise term. Making use of fractional bounded variation (BV) estimates, we show that the splitting method generates approximate solutions ...

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / PublishedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2017)

We use assembly maps to study TC.AŒG I p/, the topological cyclic homology at a prime p of the group algebra of a discrete group G with coefficients in a connective ring spectrum A. For any finite group, we prove that the ...

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / AcceptedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2017)

We study the concept of financial bubbles in a market model endowed with a set P of probability measures, typically mutually singular to each other. In this setting, we investigate a dynamic version of robust superreplication, ...

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / PublishedVersion, 2017)

Through our work with teaching and learning mathematics at university level, we experience that students can benefit from tips on how to study, and in particular how to study mathematics.
The Department of Mathematics at ...

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / AcceptedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2017)

The notion of higher order dual varieties of a projective variety, introduced in \cite{P83}, is a natural generalization of the classical notion of projective duality. In this paper we present geometric and combinatorial ...

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / PublishedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2017)

Invasive monitoring of pulsatile intracranial pressure can accurately predict shunt response in patients with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus, but may potentially cause complications such as bleeding and infection. ...

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / PublishedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2017)

In this paper, we study a mathematical model of cardiac tissue based on explicit representation of individual cells. In this EMI model, the extracellular (E) space, the cell membrane (M), and the intracellular (I) space ...

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / PublishedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2017)

A droplet that impacts onto a solid substrate deforms in a complex dynamics. To extract the principal mechanisms that dominate this dynamics, we deploy numerical simulations based on the phase field method. Direct comparison ...

Asymptotics of invariant metrics in the normal direction and a new characterisation of the unit disk

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / AcceptedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2017)

We give improvements of estimates of invariant metrics in the normal direction on strictly pseudoconvex domains. Specifically we will give the second term in the expansion of the metrics. This depends on an improved ...

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / AcceptedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2017)

Using a nonlinear evolution equation we examine the dependence of the dispersion of directional surface gravity waves on the Benjamin–Feir index (BFI) and crest length. A parameter for describing the deviation between the ...

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / AcceptedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2017)

We have employed laboratory and numerical experiments in order to investigate propagation of waves in both long and short-crested wave fields in deep water. For long-crested waves with steepness, ϵ = kcac = 0.1 (a fairly ...

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / SubmittedVersion, 2017)

In this article we will present a new perspective on the variable order fractional calculus, which allows for differentiation and integration to a variable order, i.e. one differentiates (or integrates) a function along ...

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / AcceptedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2017)

We study conformal structure and topology of leaves of singular foliations by Riemann surfaces.
The final version of this research has been published in the Journal of Geometric Analysis. © 2017 Springer Verlag

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / PublishedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2017)

We discuss the construction of robust preconditioners for finite element approximations of Biot’s consolidation model in poroelasticity. More precisely, we study finite element methods based on generalizations of the ...

(Chapter / Bokkapittel / AcceptedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2017)

Environmental contours are widely used as a basis for e.g., ship design. The traditional approach to environmental contours is based on the well-known Rosenblatt transformation. However, due to the effects of this ...

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / AcceptedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2017)

Multistate monotone systems are used to describe technological or biological systems when the system itself and its components can perform at different operationally meaningful levels. This generalizes the binary monotone ...

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / AcceptedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2017)

© European Mathematical Society 2017

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / PublishedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2017)

1. Identifying the spatial scale of population structuring is critical for the conservation of natural populations and for drawing accurate ecological inferences. However, population studies often use spatially aggregated ...

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / AcceptedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2017)

We introduce the concept of singular recursive utility. This leads to a kind of singular backward stochastic differential equation (BSDE) which, to the best of our knowledge, has not been studied before. We show conditions ...

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / AcceptedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2017)

Background: Excess skin cancer mortality and incidence have been reported among both land-based and offshore petroleum workers. The association between skin cancer and ultraviolet radiation (UVR) exposure has not been ...

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / AcceptedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2017)

Very long waves are generated when a ship moves across an appreciable depth change ∆h comparable to the average and relatively shallow water depth h at the location, with ∆h/h ≃ 1. The phenomenon is new and the waves are ...

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / AcceptedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2017)

The wave diffraction-radiation problem of a porous geometry of arbitrary shape located in the free surface of a fluid is formulated by a set of integral equations, assuming a linear resistance law at the geometry. The ...

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / AcceptedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2017)

The nonlinear shallow water model is widely used in the study of tsunami propagation, but an increasing number of studies are dedicated to the dispersion dynamics of tsunamis. If the wave dispersion becomes important, ...

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / AcceptedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2017)

We consider the problem of finding a maximum k-regular induced subgraph of a graph G. Theoretical results are established to compare upper bounds obtained from different techniques, including bounds from quadratic programming, ...

(Doctoral thesis / Doktoravhandling, 2017)

(Chapter / Bokkapittel / AcceptedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2017)

For a commodity spot price dynamics given by an Ornstein–Uhlenbeck process with Barndorff-Nielsen–Shephard stochastic volatility, we price forward contracts using a new class of pricing measures, extending the classical ...

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / AcceptedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2016)

We introduce the notion of accurate foundation sets and the accurate refinement property for right LCM semigroups. For right LCM semigroups with this property, we derive a more explicit presentation of the boundary quotient. ...

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / PublishedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2016)

Watson and Holmes propose ways of investigating robustness of statistical decisions by examining certain neighbourhoods around a posterior distribution. This may partly amount to ad hoc modelling of extra uncertainty. ...

(Doctoral thesis / Doktoravhandling, 2016)

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / AcceptedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2016)

The paper discusses the development of a frequency dependent directional spread from an initial condition of frequency-independence. The study applies basin directional measurements from the Maritime Research Institute ...

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / PublishedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2016)

Detailed observations of the diurnal jet, a surface intensification of the wind-driven current associated with the diurnal cycle of sea surface temperature (SST), were obtained during August and September 2012 in the ...

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / AcceptedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2016)

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / SubmittedVersion, 2016)

Biot's consolidation model in poroelasticity has a number of applications in science, medicine, and engineering. The model depends on various parameters, and in practical applications these parameters range over several ...

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / AcceptedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2016)

For many high-dimensional studies, additional information on the variables, like (genomic) annotation or external p-values, is available. In the context of binary and continuous prediction, we develop a method for adaptive ...

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / SubmittedVersion, 2016)

We combine stochastic control methods, white noise analysis, and Hida–Malliavin calculus applied to the Donsker delta functional to obtain explicit representations of semimartingale decompositions under enlargement of ...

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / PublishedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2016)

libRadtran is a widely used software package for radiative transfer calculations. It allows one to compute (polarized) radiances, irradiance, and actinic fluxes in the solar and thermal spectral regions. libRadtran has ...

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / AcceptedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2016)

We study stochastic differential games of jump diffusions, where the players have access to inside information. Our approach is based on anticipative stochastic calculus, white noise, Hida–Malliavin calculus, forward ...

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / PublishedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2016)

Objective A number of observational studies have shown an inverse association between circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D and total mortality, but a reverse J-shaped association has also been reported. In a large nested ...

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / PublishedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2016)

In the present paper, a three-component, stationary, multistate flow network system is studied. Detailed costs and incomes are specified. The aim is to minimize the expected total net loss with respect to the expected times ...

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / AcceptedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2016)

We prove that if a closed subset X of the Baire space is searchable in the sense of Escardó [Logical Methods in Computer Science 4(3) (2008), 3], and by a functional definable in Gödel’s T, then X is countable, and the ...

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / SubmittedVersion, 2016)

Direct Numerical Simulations (DNS) of the Navier Stokes equations is an invaluable research tool in fluid dynamics. Still, there are few publicly available research codes and, due to the heavy number crunching implied, ...

(Research report / Forskningsrapport, 2016)

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / AcceptedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2016)

We show that a pseudoeffective R-divisor has numerical dimension 0 if it is numerically trivial on a subvariety with ample normal bundle. This implies that the cycle class of a curve with ample normal bundle is big, which ...

(Chapter / Bokkapittel / PublishedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2016)

We introduce Bichromatic Synthetic Schlieren (BiCSS) for instantaneous surface measurements, in where we use two simultaneous images taken at blue and near infrared wavelengths, making use of that refractive index variation ...

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / AcceptedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2016)

We investigate the K -theory of unital UCT Kirchberg algebras QS arising from families S of relatively prime numbers. It is shown that K∗(QS) is the direct sum of a free abelian group and a torsion group, each of which is ...

(Doctoral thesis / Doktoravhandling, 2016)

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / AcceptedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2016)

A matrix with a nonzero nonnegative vector in its null space is called central . We study classes of central matrices having zero column sums. The study is motivated by an engineering application concerning induction ...

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / AcceptedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2016)

We study the a priori error analysis of finite element methods for Biot’s consolidation model. We consider a formulation which has the stress tensor, the fluid flux, the solid displacement, and the pore pressure as unknowns. ...

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / AcceptedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2016)

The Bruhat order is defined in terms of an interchange operation on the set of permutation matrices of order n which corresponds to the transposition of a pair of elements in a permutation. We introduce an extension of ...

(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / AcceptedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2016)

We consider the pricing problem facing a seller of a contingent claim. We assume that this seller has some general level of partial information, and that he is not allowed to sell short in certain assets. This pricing ...