Hide metadata

dc.date.accessioned2018-02-06T10:16:32Z
dc.date.available2018-02-06T10:16:32Z
dc.date.created2017-11-22T10:19:32Z
dc.date.issued2017
dc.identifier.citationRavndal, Jacob Aasland . Explaining right-wing terrorism and violence in Western Europe: Grievances, opportunities and polarisation. European Journal of Political Research. 2017
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10852/59875
dc.description.abstractWhat explains cross-national variation of right-wing terrorism and violence (RTV)? This question remains largely unanswered in existing research on the extreme right because (1) events data suitable for cross-national comparisons have been lacking, and (2) existing analyses fail to capture RTV's causal complexity, which involve multiple causal paths (equifinality) comprising causal conditions that become sufficient for the outcome only in combination (conjunctural causation). To help fill these gaps, this article uses new events data in a qualitative comparative analysis (QCA) research design, aiming to explain variation in the extent of RTV in 18 West European countries between 1990 and 2015. In doing so, the article identifies two ‘causal recipes’ that consistently distinguish countries with extensive RTV experience from those with low or moderate RTV experience. The first (North European) recipe involves the combination of high immigration, low electoral support for anti-immigration (radical right) parties, and extensive public repression of radical right actors and opinions. The second (South European) recipe involves the combination of socioeconomic hardship, authoritarian legacies, and extensive left-wing terrorism and militancy. Notably, both recipes contain elements of ‘grievances’ and ‘opportunities’, suggesting that these two theories, which are conventionally seen as contrasting, may be more fruitfully seen as complementary. Furthermore, a highly polarised conflict between far right activists and their enemies represents a third necessary condition for extensive RTV to occur. The article concludes by highlighting the paradox that countermeasures intended to constrain radical right politics appear to fuel extreme right violence, while countermeasures that may constrain extreme right violence would imply an advancement of radical right politics. This is a submitted version of an accepted manuscript. The final version of this research has been published in European Journal of Political Research. © 2017 Springer Verlagen_US
dc.languageEN
dc.publisherBlackwell Publishing
dc.titleExplaining right-wing terrorism and violence in Western Europe: Grievances, opportunities and polarisationen_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.creator.authorRavndal, Jacob Aasland
cristin.unitcode185,17,0,0
cristin.unitnameDet samfunnsvitenskapelige fakultet
cristin.ispublishedtrue
cristin.fulltextpreprint
cristin.qualitycode2
dc.identifier.cristin1517083
dc.identifier.bibliographiccitationinfo:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:ctx&ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:journal&rft.jtitle=European Journal of Political Research&rft.volume=&rft.spage=&rft.date=2017
dc.identifier.jtitleEuropean Journal of Political Research
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1475-6765.12254
dc.identifier.urnURN:NBN:no-62560
dc.type.documentTidsskriftartikkelen_US
dc.source.issn0304-4130
dc.identifier.fulltextFulltext https://www.duo.uio.no/bitstream/handle/10852/59875/1/Article%2BIII%2BEJPR.pdf
dc.type.versionSubmittedVersion


Files in this item

Appears in the following Collection

Hide metadata