The standard public-key cryptosystems used today relies mathematical problems that require a lot of computing force to solve, so much that, with the right parameters, they are computationally unsolvable. But there are quantum algorithms that are able to solve these problems in much shorter time. These quantum algorithms have been known for many years, but have only been a problem in theory because of the lack of quantum computers. But with recent development in the building of quantum computers, the cryptographic world is looking for quantum-resistant replacements for today’s standard public-key cryptosystems. Public-key cryptosystems based on lattices are possible replacements. This thesis presents several possible candidates for new standard public-key cryptosystems, mainly NTRU and ring-LWE-based systems. The latticebased cryptosystems are shown to be very fast and have strong, provable security against quantum computers, but are a lot more complicated than RSA and Diffie-Hellman.