ABSTRACT Renewable energy resources are highly desirable and inevitable choice from sustainability perspective. Norway, being rich in both the fossil fuel and renewable energy resources is positioned in policy dilemma which is characterized by its long energy policy transition. A significant challenge for RE actors is the policy inconsistency. In such scenario, exploring the activities of renewable energy stakeholders would contribute to evaluate the transitional policy and develop economically self-sustaining RE sector in energy transition. Built as an extension on available literature, proposed hypotheses are tested by the quantitative data and discussed with the findings from qualitative data. Our findings showed that Norwegian CEER mode of R&D is gaining momentum while R&D Mode 1 is still prevalent in the RE sector. The solar energy sector dominates the R&D activities despite its less attractive domestic market. The association between energy mix, sustainability and energy efficiency was established by content analysis of the job advertisement published on public domain. The quantitative study showed that motive behind involvement of RE stakeholders in energy mix is diverse. The sustainability concern is one of the motivation while other factors is wind hydro energy mix was the dominant energy mix in production side adopted by most of the energy producers. With the sustainability and efficiency concern shown on RE sector by the stakeholders, Norway carries a huge potential to provide energy support to European region during the energy transition.