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(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / PublishedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2019)
Item context effects refer to the impact of features of a test on an examinee's item responses. These effects cannot be explained by the abilities measured by the test. Investigations typically focus on only a single type ...
A multilevel study of position effects in PISA achievement tests: Student- and school-level predictors in the German tracked school system
(Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / AcceptedVersion; Peer reviewed, 2018)
Position effects (PE) cause decreasing probabilities of correct item responses towards the end of a test. We analysed PEs in science, mathematics and reading tests administered in the German extension to the PISA 2006 study ...