Hide metadata

dc.date.accessioned2017-05-03T12:48:07Z
dc.date.available2017-05-03T12:48:07Z
dc.date.created2017-04-28T10:08:33Z
dc.date.issued2017
dc.identifier.citationBø, Ragnhild Billieux, Joël Gjerde, Line C. Eilertsen, Espen Moen Landrø, Nils Inge . Do executive functions predict binge-drinking patterns? Evidence from a longitudinal study in young adulthood.. Frontiers in Psychology. 2017
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10852/55316
dc.description.abstractBackground: Impairments in executive functions (EFs) are related to binge drinking in young adulthood, but research on how EFs influence future binge drinking is lacking. The aim of the current report is therefore to investigate the association between various EFs and later severity of, and change in, binge drinking over a prolonged period during young adulthood. Methods: At baseline, 121 students reported on their alcohol habits (Alcohol use disorder identification test; Alcohol use questionnaire). Concurrently, EFs [working memory, reversal, set-shifting, response inhibition, response monitoring and decision-making (with ambiguity and implicit risk)] were assessed. Eighteen months later, information on alcohol habits for 103 of the participants were gathered. Data were analyzed by means of multilevel regression modeling. Results: Future severity of binge drinking was uniquely predicted by performance on the Information sampling task, assessing risky decision-making (β = -1.86, 95% CI: -3.69, -0.04). None of the study variables predicted severity or change in binge drinking. Conclusion: Future severity of binge drinking was associated with making risky decisions in the prospect for gain, suggesting reward hypersensitivity. Future studies should aim at clarifying whether there is a causal association between decision-making style and binge drinking. Performance on all executive tasks was unrelated to change in binge drinking patterns; however, the finding was limited by overall small changes, and needs to be confirmed with longer follow-up periods.en_US
dc.languageEN
dc.publisherFrontiers Research Foundation
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 International
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.titleDo executive functions predict binge-drinking patterns? Evidence from a longitudinal study in young adulthood.en_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.creator.authorBø, Ragnhild
dc.creator.authorBillieux, Joël
dc.creator.authorGjerde, Line C.
dc.creator.authorEilertsen, Espen Moen
dc.creator.authorLandrø, Nils Inge
cristin.unitcode185,17,5,0
cristin.unitnamePsykologisk institutt
cristin.ispublishedtrue
cristin.fulltextoriginal
cristin.qualitycode2
dc.identifier.cristin1467128
dc.identifier.bibliographiccitationinfo:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:ctx&ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:journal&rft.jtitle=Frontiers in Psychology&rft.volume=&rft.spage=&rft.date=2017
dc.identifier.jtitleFrontiers in Psychology
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00489
dc.identifier.urnURN:NBN:no-58112
dc.type.documentTidsskriftartikkelen_US
dc.type.peerreviewedPeer reviewed
dc.source.issn1664-1078
dc.identifier.fulltextFulltext https://www.duo.uio.no/bitstream/handle/10852/55316/1/Do%2Bexecutive%2Bfunctions%2Bpredict%2Bbinge-drinking%2Bpatterns.pdf
dc.type.versionPublishedVersion


Files in this item

Appears in the following Collection

Hide metadata

Attribution 4.0 International
This item's license is: Attribution 4.0 International