Mental Disorders and Traumatic Experiences in Deaf and Hard of Hearing Adult Psychiatric Outpatients
Appears in the following Collection
- Psykologisk institutt 
AbstractThe life of most individuals with early hearing loss is similar to that of other people. However, living life without typical hearing may pose additional challenges that may impact on the risk for developing mental disorders. This study investigated mental disorders and traumatic experiences in adult deaf and hard-of-hearing (DHH) psychiatric outpatients. As language and communication are fundamental to diagnosing most mental disorders, all assessment instruments were translated to Norwegian sign language (NSL), and the psychometric properties of a NSL version of the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview were investigated and found acceptable. The findings indicate that medical comorbidity is significantly more prevalent in DHH patients speaking Norwegian, and that these patients tend to be more socially isolated than patients using NSL. The level of mental distress and daily functioning did not differ significantly between the language groups; neither did the distribution of mental disorders. All patients reported traumatic events, with a mean of 6.2 different types; 85% reported subsequent traumatization not significantly associated with either residential school setting or communicative competence of childhood caregivers.
List of papers
|I: Øhre, B., Saltnes, H., von Tetzchner, S., & Falkum, E. (2014). Psychometric properties of a sign language version of the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI). BMC Psychiatry, 14(1), 1. doi: 10.1186/1471-244X-14-148 The paper is available in DUO http://urn.nb.no/URN:NBN:no-46999|
|II: Øhre, B., Volden, M., Falkum, E., & von Tetzchner, S. (2016). Mental disorders in deaf and hard of hearing adult outpatients, a comparison of linguistic subgroups. Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education. Published in: J Deaf Stud Deaf Educ (2017) 22 (1): 105-117. The published article is available at https://doi.org/10.1093/deafed/enw061|
|III: Øhre, B., Uthus, M. P., von Tetzchner, S., & Falkum, E. (2015). Traumatization in deaf and hard of hearing adult psychiatric outpatients. Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education, 20(3): 296-308. doi: 10.1093/deafed/env013 The published article is available at https://doi.org/10.1093/deafed/env013|