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dc.contributor.authorStrijen, Bob Oscar Benjamin van
dc.date.accessioned2016-09-22T22:27:39Z
dc.date.issued2016
dc.identifier.citationStrijen, Bob Oscar Benjamin van. The God on the Windy Tree: Christian Origins of the Figure of Wodan in the Cross-cultural Relations of Northern Europe. Master thesis, University of Oslo, 2016
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10852/52709
dc.description.abstractThe myth of Óðinn hanging on the tree resembles, in a number of ways, the legend of Christ hanging on the Cross―self-sacrifice and wounding by a spear for example. Scholarship has largely focussed on these parallels, particularly whether the Scandinavian myth―as currently known―had original pre-Christian pagan roots or had a medieval Christian overlay. Scholars have not come to a consensus on whether the myth of Óðinn was coloured in the Christian contexts of the Danelaw or Iceland, or if the hanging referred, perhaps, to an ancient pagan initiation ritual involving a god similar to Mercurius, as described by Tacitus. This study seeks to examine a third option. In a broad historiographical survey, I evaluate the earliest evidence―runic inscriptions, bracteates, and, to some extent, Anglo-Saxon royal genealogies and place-names―for the god Wodan, a continental cognate of Óðinn, as well as for his equation with the Roman god Mercury. Here, I find that the former does not predate the fifth century at the earliest, whereas the latter happened in the seventh century. Additionally, I assess the rise of Christianity in the Roman Empire and the spread of Christianity and Roman influences to northern Europe. I find here that, firmly established on the limites of the Empire at the beginning of the fourth century, Christianity must have been present in the minds of the Germanic peoples in the border regions. Through trade routes, furthermore, Roman influence reached even further north. It is, then, possible that these Germanic peoples adopted and remodelled Christ and his religion into the pagan cult of Wodan, before the missions started to properly convert these heathens in the North.eng
dc.language.isoeng
dc.subjectÓðinn
dc.subjectOld Norse religion
dc.subjectNorthern Europe
dc.subjectWodan
dc.subjectOld Norse mythology
dc.subjectChristianity
dc.subjectHávamál
dc.subjectpre-Christian
dc.subjectpaganism
dc.subjectChrist
dc.subjectOdin
dc.titleThe God on the Windy Tree: Christian Origins of the Figure of Wodan in the Cross-cultural Relations of Northern Europeeng
dc.typeMaster thesis
dc.date.updated2016-09-22T22:27:39Z
dc.creator.authorStrijen, Bob Oscar Benjamin van
dc.date.embargoenddate3016-06-15
dc.rights.termsDette dokumentet er ikke elektronisk tilgjengelig etter ønske fra forfatter. Tilgangskode/Access code A
dc.identifier.urnURN:NBN:no-56103
dc.type.documentMasteroppgave
dc.rights.accessrightsclosedaccess
dc.identifier.fulltextFulltext https://www.duo.uio.no/bitstream/handle/10852/52709/1/B-O-B--van-Strijen---The-God-on-the-Windy-Tree---Christian-Origins-for-the-Figure-of-Wodan-in-the-Cross-cultural-Relations-of-Northern-Europe.pdf


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