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dc.date.accessioned2016-09-09T07:16:28Z
dc.date.available2016-09-09T07:16:28Z
dc.date.created2016-08-24T15:09:17Z
dc.date.issued2016
dc.identifier.citationYstrøm, Eivind Ørstavik, Ragnhild Reichborn-Kjennerud, Ted Torvik, Fartein Ask . Social inequalities in reception of social welfare support: A population based twin study. Norsk Epidemiologi. 2016, 26(1-2), 57-62
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10852/52458
dc.description.abstractSocial welfare support runs in families. Recent studies using Nordic registry data have found individual differences in genetic factors to be of substantial importance for medical benefits. However, to date there has been no genetically informative studies on receiving social welfare support. To prevent young adults to not drop out of the work life and become recipients of social welfare support, it is of substantial interest to clarify to what extent the familiarity of social welfare support is due to genetic or social differences between families. We used data from the Historical-Event Database on 7,698 Norwegian twins born 1967-1979 to estimate the relative contribution of genetic factors, the effective familial environment (i.e. the “shared environment”), and individual-specific environmental factors. We found that the two forms of familial risk, genetic and shared environmental, explained 39% and 45%, respectively, of the risk for receiving social welfare support among young Norwegian twins. Only 17% of the variance in risk factors could be explained by individual-specific risk factors. It appears that risk for receiving social welfare support can to a great extent be explained by environmental differences between families. Therefore prevention strategies targeting social inequalities between families would indeed be effective. Furthermore, genetic risk factors are also important in explaining risk for receiving social welfare support. These effects could be mediated through heritable traits related to substance abuse, psychiatric disorders, and personality. Individual-specific risk factors were of very little importance. Hence, with regard to receiving social welfare support, family matters.en_US
dc.languageEN
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherNorsk forening for epidemiologi
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 International
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.titleSocial inequalities in reception of social welfare support: A population based twin studyen_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.creator.authorYstrøm, Eivind
dc.creator.authorØrstavik, Ragnhild
dc.creator.authorReichborn-Kjennerud, Ted
dc.creator.authorTorvik, Fartein Ask
cristin.unitcode185,15,23,10
cristin.unitnameFarmasi
cristin.ispublishedtrue
cristin.fulltextoriginal
cristin.qualitycode1
dc.identifier.cristin1375236
dc.identifier.bibliographiccitationinfo:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:ctx&ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:journal&rft.jtitle=Norsk Epidemiologi&rft.volume=26&rft.spage=57&rft.date=2016
dc.identifier.jtitleNorsk Epidemiologi
dc.identifier.volume26
dc.identifier.issue1-2
dc.identifier.startpage57
dc.identifier.endpage62
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.5324/nje.v26i1-2.2016
dc.identifier.urnURN:NBN:no-55877
dc.type.documentTidsskriftartikkelen_US
dc.type.peerreviewedPeer reviewed
dc.source.issn0803-2491
dc.identifier.fulltextFulltext https://www.duo.uio.no/bitstream/handle/10852/52458/1/Ystrom_2016_Soc.pdf
dc.type.versionPublishedVersion


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