Abstract The Yom Kippur War in October 1973 led to an American peace effort in the Middle East. From November 1973 to September 1975, the American Secretary of State, Henry Kissinger, negotiated between the Israelis, the Egyptians, and the Syrians in a negotiation effort, named step-by-step diplomacy. Kissinger managed to secure two agreements between Israel and Egypt and one agreement between Israel and Syria in this period. This thesis examines the negotiation effort between Israel and Egypt and bases the research primarily on declassified Hebrew language documents from the Israel State Archives (ISA). In order to solidify the agreements, Kissinger was obliged to accommodate the demands of the strongest party, and to make economic inducements to Israel part of the substance of the agreements. It was thereby Kissinger s power of leverage as American secretary of state that assured the success of the diplomacy. The separation of forces agreement, and the interim agreement between Israel and Egypt might be viewed as stepping-stones on the road to the peace treaty between Israel and Egypt in 1979. Nevertheless, Kissinger s step-by-step diplomacy did not advance a comprehensive solution to the Middle East conflict. Except for the positive sanctions, which the Israeli government of Yitzhak Rabin secured as part of the interim agreements, were also assurances from the American President, Gerald Ford, about the conditions for future Israeli-Arab diplomacy on the other fronts. The interim agreement thereby strengthened the strategic Israeli-American relationship and decreased the pressure on Israel for an implementation of UN Security Council resolution 242 for the following years.