Over the last couple of decades, the number of bilateral free trade agreements has accelerated on a global scale. Close geographic proximity seems to matter little, as new arrangements around trade are emerging. About one third of all free trade agreements are signed between developed and developing countries. This thesis explores one particular free trade agreement, that between the EFTA states and the SACU states that entered into force in 2008, with an even more specific focus on the Norwegian and Namibian trade relation. Despite its specificity, this case can be used to explore some of the central issues in North- South bilateral trade relations. The analysis draws on theory from international relations and development studies, and seeks to analyze bilateral agreements between North and South from a development perspective. The case study investigates the background and motives for the agreement. The thesis argues that trade is seen as significant for economic growth, and developing countries such as Namibia make bilateral trade agreements a factor in their strategic development strategies. The thesis elaborates the scope and content of the agreement, as well as the duty–free quotas of beef Namibia can export to Norway. The thesis discusses how the diverse levels of development between the parties, as well as their interests have influenced the process and outcome, and whether it has been beneficial to Namibia.