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dc.contributor.authorNgowi, Bernard J
dc.contributor.authorMfinanga, Sayoki G
dc.contributor.authorBruun, Johan N
dc.contributor.authorMorkve, Odd
dc.date.accessioned2015-10-09T01:02:08Z
dc.date.available2015-10-09T01:02:08Z
dc.date.issued2008
dc.identifier.citationBMC Public Health. 2008 Sep 30;8(1):341
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10852/46271
dc.description.abstractBackground Tuberculosis is the commonest opportunistic infection and the number one cause of death in HIV/AIDS patients in developing countries. To address the extent of the tuberculosis HIV coinfection in rural Tanzania we conducted a cross sectional study including HIV/AIDS patients attending care and treatment clinic from September 2006 to March 2007. Methods Sputum samples were collected for microscopy, culture and drug susceptibility testing. Chest X-ray was done for those patients who consented. Blood samples were collected for CD4+ T cells count. Results The prevalence of tuberculosis was 20/233 (8.5%). Twenty (8.5%) sputum samples were culture positive. Eight of the culture positive samples (40%) were smear positive. Fifteen (75%) of these patients neither had clinical symptoms nor chest X-ray findings suggestive of tuberculosis. Nineteen isolates (95%) were susceptible to rifampicin, isoniazid, streptomycin and ethambutol (the first line tuberculosis drugs). One isolate (5%) from HIV/tuberculosis coinfected patients was resistant to isoniazid. No cases of multi- drug resistant tuberculosis were identified. Conclusion We found high prevalence of tuberculosis disease in this setting. Chest radiograph suggestive of tuberculosis and clinical symptoms of fever and cough were uncommon findings in HIV/tuberculosis coinfected patients. Tuberculosis can occur at any stage of CD4+T cells depletion.
dc.language.isoeng
dc.rightsNgowi et al.
dc.rightsAttribution 2.0 Generic
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/
dc.titlePulmonary tuberculosis among people living with HIV/AIDS attending care and treatment in rural northern Tanzania
dc.typeJournal article
dc.date.updated2015-10-09T01:02:09Z
dc.creator.authorNgowi, Bernard J
dc.creator.authorMfinanga, Sayoki G
dc.creator.authorBruun, Johan N
dc.creator.authorMorkve, Odd
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-8-341
dc.identifier.urnURN:NBN:no-50458
dc.type.documentTidsskriftartikkel
dc.type.peerreviewedPeer reviewed
dc.identifier.fulltextFulltext https://www.duo.uio.no/bitstream/handle/10852/46271/1/12889_2008_Article_1311.pdf
dc.type.versionPublishedVersion
cristin.articleid341


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