This thesis examines the problem of divine action in light of the suggested cosmology of modern science. In order to do this I am examining the model of divine action suggested by the theologian Philip Clayton. The thesis goes through the general ways of relating science and religion and the nature of their epistemological claims. This is followed by a look at the two main philosophical frameworks behind Clayton's model, emergence theory and panentheism. This is followed by the analysis of the model itself, where Clayton attempts to construct a model of divine action using insights from emergence theory and panentheism. Finally I offer some critical perspectives on Clayton.