Abstract The concerns of areas such as democracy, corruption, rule of law, and governance are common among most countries. Confronted with such common problems, policymakers can learn from how other nations have responded through a policy transfer process. The Office of Auditor General of Zambia (OAGZ) has the ambition to promote good governance, transparency, and accountability in Zambia, partly through performance auditing. OAGZ was inexperienced in the craft of performance auditing; therefore they engaged in a policy transfer with the Office of Auditor General Norway (OAGN). The thesis has examined this particular policy transfer in the period of January 2008 – December 2013. The study has evaluated to what degree the policy transfer has contributed to further improvements in OAGZ´s human and organisational resources in order to enhance their capacity to carry out high quality audit. The thesis has studied the policy transfer through a theoretical policy transfer perspective. The policy transfer literature mentions several variables that may affect the outcome of a policy transfer. This study has focused on voluntariness, formal independence and administration culture. The study found that there had been great improvements in the human resources of OAGZ, but that developments in organisational resources were lacking. Overall, the Project was evaluated as a relative success. However the study emphasised that the lack of developments in the organisational resources placed the sustainability of the improvements in the human resources at risk. The variables from the policy transfer framework had a strong analytical utility for understanding the outcomes of the Project. The high degree of improvement in the human resources was attributed to the voluntary nature of the transfer, high level of political neutrality, and high level of decision-basis independence. In addition, the medium level of power distance partly explained the insufficient results in the organisational resources. In this manner the study illuminated the importance of contextual compatibility, in the form of a compatible formal context (cf. formal independence) and a compatible informal context (cf. administration culture). In the conclusion of the thesis, some relevant lessons were drawn from this particular case of policy transfer to the wider perspective of policy transfers in general.