Can patriarchal theory explain why Palestinian men in Jordan both inside and outside refugee camps beat their wives? International sociological research on domestic violence is dominated by two perspectives on domestic violence; the feminist perspective where gender and patriarchal structures are highlighted, and the family violence perspective with a more gender neutral focus on socioeconomic variables. An argument is also made that when introdusing a qualitative aspect which distinguishes between moderate and severe violence in quantitative surveys, the characteristics of the perpetrators change. Research on domestic violence in Jordan is scares. However, what exists of empirical research accentuates how men s patriarchal attitudes are associated with hightened risk of perpetrating violence against women. Few, if no, socioeconomic variables are consistantly associated with violence in Jordan, of which the research concludes that the violence has sociocultural roots. In this thesis I investigate whether the feminist perspective contribute with satisfactory explanations for why Palestinian men in Jordan beat their wives, and whether an analytical distinction between moderate and severe violence contributes to the explanation. I perform logistic regression analysis on data in Palestinian refugees in Jordan residing inside and outside refugee camps from two complimentary surveys collected by Fafo Applied International Research in 2011-2012. The explanatory power of patriarchal theory as operationalizsed in the analysis is limited. However, when distinguishing between moderate and severe violence we see that men and women, both inside and outside the refugee camps, with higher education have significantly lower odds for experiencing violence, men as perpetrators and women as victims. As men s education has never been significantly associated with violence before it is concluded that the analytical distinction between moderate and severe violence might explain the inconsistancy between studies of violence in Jordan, as argued in a larger research field. The same finding also contributes toward explaining why the prevalence of severe violence is twice as high in refugee camps, where the overall educational attainments are substantially lower. In addition to the finding related to education the results show that patriarchal attitudes may contribute some toward explaining the prevalence of moderate violence.