Sexual violence has been perpetrated as a strategy or practice in a number of conflicts across the globe, but research has found that the prevalence and practice of wartime sexual violence varies greatly between different conflicts, and between different armed actors within the same war (Cohen, Green, & Wood, 2013; Cohen & Nordås, 2014; Wood, 2008, 2009, 2011, 2012). The purpose of this project was to map out patterns of wartime sexual violence in the ongoing internal conflict in Colombia, in order to contribute to an emerging literature on the variation of wartime sexual violence at the conflict level. This task was taken on with an inductive starting point in which analytical categories were obtained from the empirical material, in dialogue with existing theory. Patterns were operationalized through focusing on three interrelated factors: the contexts in which sexual violence was perpetrated during warfare; the motivation of the perpetrators of this violence; and claimed and obtained identities of its victims. The analysis uncovered three main functions of sexual violence in Colombia: to extract information and intelligence, to secure and exert territorial control, and to control armed group behavior. The term functions was found suitable to label these categories, as it enables us to comprehend that the results of wartime sexual violence might be both the purpose, but also the consequence of the act. This finding warns us that the propensity within scholarly and advocacy literature for framing wartime sexual violence within the weapon of war framework, runs the risk of limiting our understanding of this complex phenomenon.