This thesis explores why norm socialization, as understood by Risse and Sikkink (1999), of human rights for the LGBT community has not taken place in Russia by looking at historically developed structures and actors in the Russian society and the European level regarding acceptance of the LGBT community. First, one key factor for this conclusion is the role of the Orthodox Church in Russia. The Russian Orthodox Church enjoys a subordinate position in Russia as a moral institution. In Russia, there is little support for the LGBT community amongst other factors because of the negative stand the Russian Orthodox Church conveys on homosexuality. Second, President Putin represents a powerful elite who supports and pushes for discriminatory laws against the LGBT community. Third, the political climate in Russia allows for little political opposition. President Putin has established a system in which a single man and small political elite has been able to dominate the political scene for over 12 years now. Finally, this has led to a situation in which there is little to no chance of influencing Russian policies from outside the state. The civil society is restricted in raising awareness of committed human rights violations toward the LGBT community. In their quest for a new identity for Russia, the Russian Orthodox Church and President Putin have averted from the West and singled out the civil society and the LGBT community as threats to the coherence of the nation. On the international level pressure on the Russian government to change their LGBT policy has not happened yet. This may be because of the importance of Russian oil and gas for European economies. There is a definite value gap that has emerged in the last decade between Russia and the European Union. The LGBT community is also a societal group which seems to be of little interest for many European countries.