Abstract: The political and moral curriculum is the one of the most important curriculum for children in school because it is the curriculum that governments use to civilize young citizens. The Chinese political and moral curriculum had been taught in junior middle school (from grade 7 to 9) since the anti-Japanese war in1937. Until 1992, the political and moral curriculum was named the Ideology and Politics curriculum in junior middle school. However, in 2011, Chinese education bureau implemented a national curriculum reform in all schools in China. The Ideology and Politics curriculum was renamed the Ideology and Morality . The textbooks of the Ideology and Politics curriculum were revised at this time. This thesis will focus on the political and moral textbook reform in 2011 to examine how and why the government of the People Republic of China (PRC) reformed political and moral textbooks. Textual analysis will be used as the main method in this thesis. The thesis will analyze and compare the former Ideology and Politics textbooks and the new Ideology and Morality textbooks and identify the similarities and differences. Theoretically, this thesis draws mainly on Børge Bakken s The Exemplary Society, and Marie Lall and Edward Vickers Education as a Political Tool in Asia. As suggested by the title, the thesis explores how the PRC government has changed its approach to the Chinese political and moral education of young people in contemporary China, and moved the focus of the textbooks from politics to morality .