Since the 1980s there has been a rise in the number of parties that are hostile towards immigration. At the same time, the number of immigrants arriving in Europe has increased. The European Parliament has now a great deal of power in the legislative process of theEuropean Union, and the increase in the number of anti-immigration parties has also reached this institution. The thesis has studied how and what two anti-immigration parties, the French Front National and the Belgian Vlaams Belang, argue in the immigration debate in the Sixth European Parliament. The argumentation has been categorized, studied, and compared. The thesis concludes that the representatives from the two parties argue much in the same way and for the same stance in the immigration debate. However, the analysis shows that there are some differences between the argumentation of the two parties. Front National are, for example, more concerned with the member states’ right to national self-determination, and to end the Schengen Agreement and the open borders. Vlaams Belang, on the other side, are also negative to the Schengen Agreement, but the thesis finds that the representatives are less negative than the representatives from Front National. The two parties both want to stop the immigration to Europe, and they are negative to legislation that will raise the number of immigrants in Europe, such as the European Blue Card.
The thesis has a second part concerning the possibilities these parties have to directly affect the immigration policies of the European Parliament. As Front National and Vlaams Belang were only members of a political group in a short period of the sixth European Parliamentary term, the thesis finds that there are several shortcomings in their possibilities to have any real direct impact.