The role of Kazakhstan as a significant actor in international relations has steadily expanded since the collapse of the Soviet Union. The course of Kazakhstan`s foreign policy and what accounts for it, are therefore of great importance. Kazakhstan has since independence pursued a multi-vector foreign policy and there is little indication that it intends to move away from it. This thesis examines Kazakhstan`s multi-vector foreign policy by conducting a case study based on situational logic. It argues that Kazakhstan`s multi-vector foreign policy must be understood by its foreign policy objectives, and, its unique physical environment and social environment.