The study focuses on two types of community forest, village forest and customary forest - using qualitative case study from two villages namely Lubuk Beringin and Guguk in Jambi Province. The findings show that village forest management in Lubuk Beringin is mainly by village officials, while the customary forest, Guguk, host a self-determined customary community that pay attention to the representativeness of sub-clans within the forest management. The schemes nowadays are mainly self-supported by the people as the facilitation assistance given to the villages was primarily limited to the period until forest managing permit was obtained. The study identifies three main actors at the village level, namely Warsi (Indonesian Conservation Community, KKI-Warsi), forest managing groups, and the villagers. The relations between these actors are analyzed using the ‘Actor-Centered Power concept’. Warsi is shown to be the driving force in the adoption of both the village forest and customary forest schemes. The study of power relations between these three groups shows that trust, incentives and coercion are all relevant to different extents.
Key words: Community Forest, Village Forest, Customary Forest, Lubuk Beringin, Guguk Customary Community, Community-Based Forest Management, Actor-Centered Power concept, Power Relations.