Abstract This thesis deals with the impact of culture, social setting and religion on the status of in the church and society. The study has been made in the Western Synod of the Ethiopian Evangelical Church Mekane Yesus.It explores the status of women in cultural social back ground of the community in the study to show its impact on the status of women. The study discusses also the history of introduction both Orthodox and Evangelical Christianity and their respective impact to the status of women. The last two chapters of the thesis deal with the efforts that the women in the Synod have made throughout the church history to fight back these cultural, social and religious burdens and the positive results of their effort. The contemporary situation of the church in relation to women’s status has also been discussed and some proposals has been made to the contemporary African theologians (both Feminist and Charismatic theologians) depending on the findings and lessons learned from the research.