Prior studies have shown that separatism within a repressed minority is one of the strongest indicators of rebellion. Further, ethnic minorities that are repressed based on their ethnicity develop grievances and rebellion on the basis of this. Religion, as a sub category however follows different patterns. Religion does not in itself increase the risk of rebellion, but in cases where the religious minority has an active separatism, probability of rebellion, as well as the conflict intensity, increases dramatically–even more so than separatism in itself.
This pattern has been used as a measurement of religious nationalism. This is probable, but not proven. Further, the mechanism in which religion and separatism interacts to produce this volatile conflicts is not described systematically.
Through a comparative study of three cases selected on the basis of prior statistical studies, this thesis looks at what separatism is an indicator of, how separatism and religion interacts, and through what mechanisms they seem to affect each other.
What I find is, amongst other, that the religion separatism-nexus is not a measurement of religious nationalism; rather that separatism indicates a property of the religious identity-narrative. If the identity suggests a bond to the majority, the probability of development of motive for rebellion is less. If the identity informs a bond to, in these cases, the West, the probability of development of motive for rebellion increases. Finally, if repression is so grave that motive for rebellion is inevitable, the identity will change. Identity and motive thus communicates, and both will change to align itself with the other.