Food systems have a need for better conceptual and applied tools to evaluate the extent to which they are resilient. The purposes of this thesis is to conceptually explore a better understanding of what a resilient food system might entail within the dynamics of social, cultural, economic and environmental phenomena. Based on this, by applying personal resilience valuation criteria from a longitudinal study in the field of Psychology, the this thesis uses the Transition Town Totnes Food Group, in the town of Totnes, England, as a case study to evaluate existing understandings of resilience. The evaluation found that the resilience of food systems being linked to social, cultural, economic and environmental phenomena is a crucial, contemporary concern which may be better understood when considered in parallel to the resilience of the self. Findings illustrate that while Totnesians have a high level of awareness of environmental and food-related issues, this is not matched by their patterns of behaviour which can be primarily attributed to three factors: 1) the cost and convenience of food production and consumption largely define patterns of behaviour, 2) the attraction to choice and exotic variety is difficult to resist, 3) the lack of social cohesion, landownership and political will are three major structural factors preventing the realisation of food-related, visible outcomes for the TTT Food Group. While there are a number of food-related attempts by the TTT Food Group such as the Garden Share, the Food Guide, Nut Tree Planting and Seed Swops, due to their scope, contributions for resilience building have a symbolic meaning at this stage. These are largely manifested in the consideration of mindsets and not in attitudes, and patterns of behaviour. As a result, the TTT Food Group has thus far not been effective.