In the recent years, school leadership has been sported to be an area of research. The reason as to why researchers and academicians put school leadership under sport light is due to the current increase of globalization forces that seem to affect all aspects of human life including education. The main globalization agent is knowledge. Globalization therefore carries in it some policies and ideologies that seem to affect education system. As such globalization transforms the nature of the educational traditions of each state through established international policies and ideological packages. As each states tries to accommodate these globalization policies and ideologies into its education system, some seem to have great impact on school leadership role.
This study investigated the way the school leadership role has changed as the impact of globalization forces in Tanzania. The study also examined mechanisms used by Tanzanian government to accommodate changes on school leadership. There after it tried to observe challenges and opportunities for school leadership in Tanzania.
The study used a multi-strategy research as a main approach. As such face to face interview, questionnaire, observation and documentary methods were the main research methods used to collect data. The study used qualitative approach for data analysis and interpretation and on the other hand, the use of SPSS data analysis employed for the quantitative data. The quantitative data used to support arguments raised from qualitative data. The conceptual framework served as the basis to guide the study.
The findings revealed that school leadership role has changed. School leadership has moved from professional controlling of teaching and learning to the involvement of parents, surrounding community, students and teachers. The study also finds that the roles for school leadership have increased than it was before. For example, currently school leadership roles includes planning for school development and improvement, school procurement, supervising school construction and also supervising teaching and learning. In assessing the mechanism used to accommodate changes on school leadership, the study finds that there were the use of workshops and guidelines. Also, the three months course launched. Furthermore the study revealed that there are challenges as well as opportunities that are associated with the impact of globalization.