Work-related health problems in the population : Impact of working conditions on health and on social inequalities in musculoskeletal pain among Oslo citizens aged 30–45 years
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Lack of knowledge about the occurrence of work-related health problems in the general population makes it difficult to estimate the potential for their prevention in the workplace. The impact of working conditions on socio-economic inequalities in health also needs to be further explored. Although self-reported data is often used to follow population trends in work-related illness, the use of such data as a measure of work-related illness in the population has often been considered with scepticism, assuming this would give exaggerated estimates.
The aims of this thesis were to investigate the occurrence and distribution of work-related health problems in the population and the impact of working conditions on health. The more specific objectives were to: (1) examine the prevalence and distribution of self-reported work-related health problems and their impact on the burden of ill-health among Oslo citizens aged 30, 40, and 45 years; (2) quantify socio-economic inequalities in the occurrence of self-reported low back pain, neck/shoulder pain, and arm pain in the general working population in Oslo, and examine the impact of job characteristics on these inequalities; and (3) compare self-reported work-relatedness of neck/shoulder pain and arm pain with experts’ assessments based on specific criteria.
List of Papers
Paper I Mehlum IS, Kjuus H, Veiersted KB, Wergeland E. Self-reported work-related health problems from the Oslo Health Study. Occup Med (Lond) 2006; 56: 371–379 DOI:10.1093/occmed/kql034
Paper II Mehlum IS, Kristensen P, Kjuus H, Wergeland E. Are occupational factors important determinants of socio-economic inequalities in musculoskeletal pain? Scand J Work Environ Health 2008; 34(4): 250–259
Paper III Mehlum IS, Veiersted KB, Wærsted M, Wergeland E, Kjuus H. Self-reported versus expert-assessed work-relatedness of pain in the neck, shoulder, and arm. Scand J Work Environ Health 2009; 35(3): 222-23