Type 2 diabetes is an increasing disease throughout the whole world and especially among the Indo-asian population. The reason for this is explained by the change of lifestyle, with more energy dense food and sedentary lifestyle, and also a genetic disposition of developing type 2 diabetes which is stronger among the Indo-asians compared to the Caucasians. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to describe a random selected population of newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes in Bangladesh and to compare some of their characteristics with a control group from the same area.METHOD AND MATERIAL: We spent 4 weeks at BIRDEM in Dhaka, Bangladesh, collecting information from the patient record sheets, all patients diagnosed within the last 12 months. The collected data were analysed in SPSS.RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The patient population had significant increased BMI, waist-hip-ratio, systolic and diastolic blood pressure compared to the control group. The average age when diagnosed was low compared to the European population. There was a higher proportion of women than men. FBG and OGTT were high at the time of diagnosis. They tend to have a sedentary lifestyle. A large proportion have known diabetes in their family.