Title: Music's therapeutic effect on clinical depression
Background: Every fifth person will experience depression in their lifetime. World Health Organization ranks depression in fourth place of the ten diseases in the world that causes the greatest loss of life and quality of life.
Objectives: To establish whether music therapy has a positive effect in the treatment of depression. Subsequently, what kind of music is the most useful? What kind of music therapy provides the best results, participation or listening?Who should supervise the music therapy? Trained music therapists or any health worker?
Method: Search the Cochrane Library and Medline with the keywords “music and depres*” to find all relevant studies published after the release of the Cochrane Review “Music therapy for depression. Results: 29 search hits on clinical trials in Cochrane library. 15 published after the review, nine relevant to be examined for significance . Also two relevant hits on Medline. There is considerable variation in patient groups, control groups and intervention methods. A meta-analysis is not recommended.
Conclusions: The clinical trials are mainly divided in two groups. Both with positive results supporting the use of music therapy with depressions, one with and one without the significant evidence to secure the result. Despite the group of trials with sufficient statistically significance to provide a evidence base for practice, it is still a need for qualitative studies in the field of musical approaches to depression, especially to establish a more uniform and evidence based approach to receptive music therapy.