Female surgical sterilization at a sterilization camp in Mursan, Uttar Pradesh, India.
Hasina Moaddab, Somyeh Sajadian
Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, spring 2008.
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic fallopian ring reproductive sterilization is one of the common methods of contraception practiced by women in developing countries like India. This study was undertaken to study the women undergoing surgical sterilization, the way a sterilization camp is conducted in rural India when it comes to facilities, qualified staff, drugs, surgical procedure and postoperative complications. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data were collected from all women who underwent laparoscopic fallopian ring reproductive sterilization at the camp organized by The Methodist Health Clinic in Mursan and the government in December 2006. The women’s age, number of living offspring’s, the criteria for sterilization was recorded. Sterilizations statistics from 2001-2006 were collected from the Methodist Health Clinic. The anaesthesia and the surgical procedure itself were carefully documented. The way of planning and organization of a sterilization camp were investigated trough interviews with the staff. Our findings were compared to the existing literature, obtained trough search in Pubmed and Google. RESULTS: 134 women underwent sterilization during a 6 hours-camp. Their average age was 26, 77 years and the average number of living offspring was 3, 9. Number of sterilization has increased from 125 in 2001 to 295 in 2006CONCLUSION:. Laparoscopic fallopian ring reproductive sterilization seems to be a safe procedure, when performed by experienced personnel under local anaesthesia. There were no immediate complications. We thought that the sterilization is conducted in an acceptable and beneficial way.