Population growth is a big challenge for India, and family planning is highly prioritized by the Government of India. Sterilization is the most common voluntary contraceptive method in India and has for many years been performed in camps. This thesis is based on our observation of a sterilization camp at the Methodist Public Health Centre in Mursan, India and available literature on the subject. We have looked closer at the effect of female sterilization as a method of contraception and the quality of the camp we observed. At the camp the laparoscopic Falope ring method was used. This method is apparently safe, effective and cheap. 167 women were sterilized in 6 hours at a local health clinic. We evaluated and compared the camp to mandatory guidelines for sterilization issued by the government and existing literature. We found the conditions better than recommended.Guidelines are necessary to prevent unacceptable conditions – individuals must be properly informed about the risks and benefits and be secured a minimal level of quality. Statistics from different states in India show a correlation between fertility rate and numbers of sterilized women.