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dc.date.accessioned2013-03-12T12:32:47Z
dc.date.available2013-03-12T12:32:47Z
dc.date.issued2004en_US
dc.date.submitted2004-10-26en_US
dc.identifier.citationBrevik, Anna Linea, Roland, Stine Beathe, . Abruptio placentae - et litteraturstudie. Prosjektoppgave, University of Oslo, 2004en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10852/29019
dc.description.abstractAP denotes detachment of a normally implanted placenta before the infant is delivered. The incidence rate is about 1% of all pregnancies and the recurrence rate in Scandinavia is found to be about 4%. AP is associated with a variety of factors during the pregnancy: trauma, threatening miscarriage, SGA, preeclampsia, PROM, chorioamnionitis, multiple fetuses, male fetus, congenital malformations and short umbilical cord. Various aspects concerning the mother are associated with AP: maternal age, birth order, socio-economical group, marital status, race, obstetric history, uterine tumours, chronic hypertension, diabetes and antiphospholipid antibodies. The mother’s way of life is also contributing etiologic factors: cigarette smoking, cocaine, marihuana, poor maternal nutrition and vitamin deficiency. There is no one theory explaining all risk factors and causes of AP. Inadequate trophoblast invasion in the spiral arteries is one of many theories focusing on a disturbed feto-maternal relationship. AP is primary a clinical diagnosis. The classical symptoms are vaginal bleeding, pain in the abdomen, uterine contractions and tenderness. Treatment is expectance, hastening vaginal delivery or caesarean section. The main differential diagnosis is placenta previa. AP is an important cause of perinatal death and morbidity. Maternal complications include hemorrhagic shock, coagulopathy and DIC, uterine rupture, renal failure and ischaemic necrosis in distal organs and finally death.nor
dc.language.isonoben_US
dc.titleAbruptio placentae - et litteraturstudieen_US
dc.typeMaster thesisen_US
dc.date.updated2004-11-19en_US
dc.creator.authorBrevik, Anna Lineaen_US
dc.creator.authorRoland, Stine Beatheen_US
dc.subject.nsiVDP::756en_US
dc.identifier.bibliographiccitationinfo:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:ctx&ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:dissertation&rft.au=Brevik, Anna Linea&rft.au=Roland, Stine Beathe&rft.title=Abruptio placentae - et litteraturstudie&rft.inst=University of Oslo&rft.date=2004&rft.degree=Prosjektoppgaveen_US
dc.identifier.urnURN:NBN:no-10029en_US
dc.type.documentProsjektoppgaveen_US
dc.identifier.duo21740en_US
dc.contributor.supervisorBabill Stray-Pedersenen_US
dc.identifier.bibsys042269261en_US
dc.identifier.fulltextFulltext https://www.duo.uio.no/bitstream/handle/10852/29019/1/21740.pdf


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